Das “Symposium Issue on Seed Commons” ist bei Agriculture and Human Values erschienen!

In Kooperation mit Anja Christinck (Seeds4Change) hat das RightSeeds-Team ein Symposium Issue zu Saatgut-Commons (“Seed Commons”) herausgegeben. Die Idee dazu entstand im Rahmen des in 2018 durchgeführten RightSeeds-Workshops “Conceptualizing the News Commons”  und spiegelt die gute Kooperation und Vernetzung zum Thema Seed Commons im Nachgang des Workshops. Wir haben spannende Artikel erhalten, die nicht nur konzeptionelle Beiträge zu Seed Commons liefern sondern auch praktische Beispiele aus unterschiedlichen Ländern zeigen. Die Beiträge sind auf der Seite des Journals abrufbar:

  • Beumer, K., Stemerding, D. & Swart, J.A.A. Innovation and the commons: lessons from the governance of genetic resources in potato breeding. Agric Hum Values (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10169-8
  • Mazé, A., Calabuig Domenech, A. & Goldringer, I. Commoning the seeds: alternative models of collective action and open innovation within French peasant seed groups for recreating local knowledge commons. Agric Hum Values (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10172-z
  • Rattunde, F., Weltzien, E., Sidibé, M. et al. Transforming a traditional commons-based seed system through collaborative networks of farmer seed-cooperatives and public breeding programs: the case of sorghum in Mali. Agric Hum Values (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10170-1
  • Sievers-Glotzbach, S., Christinck, A. Introduction to the symposium: seed as a commons—exploring innovative concepts and practices of governing seed and varieties. Agric Hum Values (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10166-x
  • Sievers-Glotzbach, S.; Euler, J.; Frison, C.; Kliem, L.; Mazé, A. & Tschersich, J. Beyond the material: knowledge aspects in seed commoning. Agric Hum Values (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10167-w
  • Halewood, M., Bedmar Villanueva, A., Rasolojaona, J. et al. Enhancing farmers’ agency in the global crop commons through use of biocultural community protocols. Agric Hum Values (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10164-z

Wir möchten uns noch einmal herzlich bei allen Autor*innen für ihre Beiträge bedanken!

What are Seed Commons?

Intellectual property rights on ‘new’ plant varieties or specific traits, including control over farmers’ use of seed, are at the core of ongoing debates on food sovereignty, sustainable farming and food systems as well as strategies for hunger and poverty reduction in rural areas.

Many citizens, not only farmers, are concerned about the ways in which plant varieties and seed will be managed in the future, and how freedom of choice and adaptation to future challenges and needs can be secured in a situation where just a few ‘global players’ hold rights and patents on an increasing number of plant varieties and traits.

The conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity is expected to play a key role for future farming and food system responses to changing conditions and needs; however, existing concepts and governance approaches appear insufficient to halt dramatic losses of this diversity.

Commons approaches present an alternative path to the dominant mindset of privatization and restriction to use. They play an increasing role in the global governance of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture as well as in the context of organic plant breeding in Europe; they also underlie traditional seed systems of the Global South (Dedeurwaerdere 2012; Frison 2018; Girard 2018; Halewood 2013; Kotschi & Horneburg 2018; Osman & Caable 2009; Pautasso et al. 2013; Vernooy et al. 2014). These alternative approaches build upon common ownership and collective management of seed and genetic resources, often involving participation of smallholder farmers and integration of knowledge held by various actors.

Conceptually, such commons structures in the breeding and seed sector can be viewed from a ‘New Commons’ perspective. New Commons – including Knowledge Commons, Cultural Commons and Global Commons – have become an increasingly important research subject in Commons Studies (Hess 2008). As they reach beyond the sector of natural common-pool resources, theoretical and conceptual advancements are required (cf. Frischmann, Madison & Strandburg 2014; Stern 2011). This widened scope also calls for a deeper assessment of current and emerging forms of collaboration, governance and institutions.

From a normative perspective, the New Commons features a quite diverse set of values; e.g. re-democratization, reconnecting the economy to social-ecological systems, social equality and individual freedom. Sound analytical investigation of arrangements in the field of Seed Commons promises to strengthen the systematic understandings of the New Commons and the challenges of implementing it in practice. Such research can also contribute to re-evaluation of values and norms that underlie prevalent approaches to the protection of intellectual property regarding plant varieties and governance of seed.

About the Journal

Agriculture and Human Values is the journal of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society. The journal, like the society, is dedicated to an open and free discussion of the values that shape food and agricultural systems and the structures that underlie their current and alternative visions. It publishes interdisciplinary research that critically examines the values, relationships, conflicts and contradictions within contemporary agricultural and food systems and addresses the impact of agricultural and food related institutions, policies, and practices on human populations, the environment, democratic governance, and social equity. This journal provides an ideal ‘home’ for such a Symposium Issue.

The journal welcomes interdisciplinary research from sociology, anthropology, development, economics, geography, philosophy, environmental studies, health and nutrition science, crop and soil science, and other social and physical sciences; contributions may include empirical studies, qualitative research, theoretical discussions, case studies, literature reviews, policy analyses, in-the-field reports, and humanities-based inquiries.

Agriculture and Human Values is a member of the Springer ‘family’ of journals. There are no publication costs to publish in Agriculture and Human Values. Several options for open access publishing are available, including arrangements between the corresponding author’s institution and Springer, Springer OpenChoice and Springer’s self-archiving policy (‘Green OA’).

ISSN: 0889-048X (Print) 1572-8366 (Online)

Impact: 2.568 (IF 2017); 3.348 (5 YR IF 2017); 1.610 (SNIP[1] 2017); 1.173 (SJR[2] 2017)

Usage: 199,578 (downloads 2017)

Availability: 1984 – 2019; 36 Volumes; 132 Issues

More information: https://link.springer.com/journal/10460; https://www.springer.com/philosophy/ethics+and+moral+philosophy/journal/10460

[1] Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)

[2] SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

Team of Editors

Stefanie Sievers-Glotzbach is professor at the University of Oldenburg, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, and leads the research group RightSeeds, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). She holds a Ph.D. in Sustainability Sciences and a Diploma degree in Environmental Sciences, both from Leuphana University, Lüneburg. She was a researcher in the Ecological Economics group at Oldenburg University from 2012 to 2015, and the coordinator of the master program ‘Sustainability Economics and Management’. Her research interests include ecological, institutional and sustainability economics, sustainable development, environmental justice, and socio-ecological resilience research. Her present research focusses on commons as a governance model and its potential for social-ecological transformation.

Anja Christinck (Ph.D.) is an agronomist with specialization in agricultural social sciences and communication. Her scientific work focusses on participatory and transdisciplinary research on agrobiodiversity, plant breeding and seed system development in the context of international development-oriented agricultural research. She contributes to scientific policy advice on issues relating to intellectual property rights for plant varieties and seeds, human rights and rights of farmers through consultancies to the German Federal Parliament, various ministries, international donor organizations and FAO. Besides her thematic expertise, she has lengthy experience as an author, reviewer and editor of publications, conference proceedings and books.

These editors worked in close cooperation with the Journal’s Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Harvey S. James Jr., University of Missouri, USA.

Zeitschriftenartikel über RightSeeds Projekt erschienen

Am Praxisbeispiel Kultursaat e.V. hat die Forschungsgruppe im Projekt RightSeeds zentrale Merkmale gemeinschaftlich organisierter Pflanzenzüchtung identifiziert. Im Beitrag "Der demokratische Ansatz - Merkmale gemeinschaftlicher Züchtung" im Bioland Fachmagazin und im Beitrag "Pflanzenzüchtung gemeinschaftlich organisieren" im Fachmagazin Ökologie & Landbau und werden die im Projekt erarbeiteten 'Seed Commons' Prinzipien vorgestellt. 

Durch die Förderung der Vielfalt im Züchtungsprozess und die explizite Einbindung verschiedener Landwirt*innen und Züchtungsstandorte bietet ein gemeinschaftlicher Züchtungsansatz besonders für den ökologischen Landbau große Chancen. 

"Diverse Seeds – Shared Practices: Conceptualizing Seed Commons"

Paper zu "Seed Commons" im International Journal of the Commons erschienen

Im Saatgutbereich können verschiedenste Formen von Commons Ansätzen beobachtet werden: Sie reichen von traditionellen Saatgutsystemen, d.h. Netzwerken zur gemeinsamen Nutzung von Saatgut, bis hin zu neueren Anti-Geheimhaltungsbewegungen, die sich gegen geistige Eigentumsrechte an Sorten wehren, wie z.B. ökologische Züchtungsinitiativen. Das Paper leitet eine Konzeptualisierung von "Seed Commons" auf lokaler und regionaler Ebene ab, die auf einem umfassenden transdisziplinären Forschungsprozess basiert. Dabei wurden verschiedene Arten von Wissen, sowohl von Praktikern (deutsche und philippinische Saatgutinitiativen, Unternehmen und NGOs) als auch aus der wissenschaftlichen Gemeinschaft, integriert.

Der vollständige Artikel kann hier abgerufen werden.



Aktuelle Informationen zum Projekt unter www.rightseeds.de

(Stand: 09.06.2021)