Dr. Bernhard Lange
Energy and Semiconductor Research Laboratory
Institute of Physics - University of Oldenburg
D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany
Tel: +49 441 - 798 3927
Fax: +49 441 - 798 3326

ENDOW: Efficient Development of Offshore Wind Farms


Offshore wind power gives access to an enormous resource of clean, sustainable energy. Plans are going ahead in many countries to built large wind farms offshore. Detailed knowledge about the properties of the marine atmospheric boundary layer, the behaviour of wind turbines in the offshore environment and the interaction of both is essential for these projects.

Our knowledge in this area is, however, still very limited, mainly due to the lack of experiance and measurement data from offshore sites.

In the ENDOW project, questions concerning the planning of large wind farms offshore are addressed. Important questions are e.g. how wind farm effects are affected by the specific properties of the offshore flow and how large wind farms interact with the atmospheric boundary layer. The project aims to improve design tools for the planning of large offshore wind farms through enhanced wake and boundary-layer models.


  • Title: Efficient Development of Offshore Wind Farms (ENDOW)
  • Duration: 3/2000 - 3/2003
  • Aim is the Development and application of an advanced design tool for wind farm planning at offshore sites.


  • Risø National Laboratory, Denmark (Coordinator)
  • Uppsala University, Sweden
  • Garrad Hassan and Partners Ltd, UK
  • The Robert Gordon University, UK
  • University of Oldenburg, Germany
  • SEAS Distribution Amba, Denmark
  • ELSAM PROJEKT A/S, Denmark
  • NEG MICON, Denmark
  • Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN)
  • ECOFYS (subcontractors to ECN), Netherlands

The project is funded by the European Union.

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