Structuring of precious metals
The access to thermolabile precious metal compounds enables us to investigate the potential of these compounds for precious metal structuring. The required structure is strongly influenced by the desired application: Catalytic activity requires nanoscopic structuring of the precious metals, for electronic applications it is of high importance that metals are structured in form of layers or conducting pathways. In contrast to the well established lithographic procedures we developed a procedure for the texturing of Gold in which the structure are "written" with the help of an electron beam (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1: Electron beam induced Gold structuring
Suitable Precursors are complex nitrates of the composition (NO)[Au(NO3)4] and (NO2)[Au(NO3)4], which are available from the reaction of elemental Gold and N2O5. The application of carbon free precursors is very beneficial to achieve neat and contamination free structures. The decomposition of these compounds may be initiated with an electron beam or even thermally. The thermolysis is astonishingly complex as could be revealed by XPS investigations (Fig. 2). Recently we were able to the synthesize the respective nitrato complexes of Palladium and Platinum. The investigation of the precursor potential of these compounds is part of actual research in the working group. The operations in this field are done in cooperation with the working groups of Prof. Al-Shamery (Physical chemistry, University of Oldenburg) and Prof. Fatikow (Engineering science, University of Oldenburg).
Fig. 2: Temperature dependent XPS investigations of the decomposition of (NO)[Au(NO3)4] show the energy change for the 4f7/2- und 4f5/2- states of Gold during the degradation of the precursor. The arrows in the left diagram show regions of the strongest changes. The right part of the picture shows spectra before and after the decomposition of the precursor.