Contact

Spiekeroog Coastal Observatory (SCO)

Prof. Dr. Oliver Zielinski

Daniela Meier

Visitors' address

ICBM Terramare
Schleusenstraße 1
D-26382 Wilhelmshaven

Current Projects

Gute Küste Niedersachsen

Summary

What is a "Gute Küste" (good coast), where we can live and manage responsibly and sustainably, safe from natural hazards, in harmony with nature, embedded in the evolved cultural landscape? In the field of tension between steadily growing coastal settlement centers and the coast shaped by wind and weather, coastal protection measures are aimed at flood protection. In doing so, functions of equal or higher value for the overall system, such as habitats for animals and plants or tourist uses, are disregarded. Within "Gute Küste Niedersachen", real-world-laboratories are being created on the North Sea coast to achieve collaborative work between the project partners and local actors and citizens. In ongoing cooperation, the project investigates how maritime landscapes can be integrated into common concepts for ecosystem-strengthening coastal protection. On Spiekeroog, the project uses the existing infrastructure of the SCO. Especially the Time-Series Station in the Otzumer Balje and the sensors in the salt marsh serve a targeted observation and provide valuable data to create a comprehensive status picture of the coastal protection measures.

 

Period 2020 - 2024
Contact Person
Prof. Dr. Oliver Zielinski
Funding Agency Lower-Saxony Ministry of Research and Culture, Volkswagen Stiftung
Website

www.gute-kueste.de

   

 

The Dynamic Deep Subsurface of High Energy Beaches (DynaDeep)

Summary

The interdisciplinary research group DynaDeep investigates a subterranean estuary (STE) at the North Beach on Spiekeroog to a depth of approx. 25 m below surface and thus ties in with the BIME project. In the BIME project, the system was investigated to a depth of 2 m below surface. However the influence of the estuary extends deeper. Subsurface estuaries play an important role in the transport of groundwater from the land to the sea and thus also in the transport of nutrients. The goal of the research group is to study these processes in more detail and to expand the knowledge already gained about the estuary. Groundwater wells will be installed between the dune base and the low water line, and will be equipped with sensors for environmental monitoring (e.g. temperature). This will establish a measuring network that can observe the groundwater in detail over a long period of time. In addition, sediment and water samples will be taken from the ecosystem using a direct-push drilling crawler.

 

Period 2021 - 2025
Contact Person
Funding Agency German Research Foundation (DFG)
Website

https://uol.de/icbm/verbundprojekte/dynadeep

   

 

Spatial community ecology in highly dynamic landscapes: from island biogeography to metaecosystems (DynaCom)

Summary

Islands have fascinated ecologists for a long time as they represent natural laboratories to study the interaction between local processeslikecompetitionor predation and regional processes, e.g.immigration, dispersalandextinction. 50 years after MacArthur and Wilson published their seminal “Theory of Island Biogeography”, DynaCom aims to add a new chapter to our understanding of how biodiversity on islands is assembled and maintained by not only predicting how many species are there, but also whichand whatthey are doing.We will be investigating how biodiversity on islands is created and shaped by geography, colonization and localenvironmental conditions. We will especially focus on how the characteristics of marine and terrestrial organismsliving in an area influence ecosystem processes from local to regional scales. In 2014, twelve experimental island were built within the back-barrier tidal flat of Spiekeroog as well as experimental saltmarsh enclosed plots. This infrastructure helps for reaching the goals of the research group DynaCom.

 

Period 2019 - 2021
Contact Person
Funding Agency German Research Foundation (DFG)
Website

https://uol.de/dynacom

   

Carbostore

Summary

The Carbostore project (Carbon Storage in German Coastal Seas - Stability, Vulnerability and Perspectives for Manageability) ICBM researchers are investigating whether linking sulfur-containing substances with organic compounds in the ocean could contribute to carbon storage and what role physical processes play in CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean. A subproject of Carbostore is PROCARBON. The aim of PROCARBON is to investigate how the various carbon reservoirs in the North and Baltic Seas respond to climate change and other human-induced environmental changes. For this purpose, continuous long-term CO2 data is derived from the Time-Series Station. Mathematical models are used to estimate how carbon storage will develop in the future. The aim is to investigate whether the carbon storage capacity of the North and Baltic Seas will increase or decrease in the future. These findings should help develop management strategies and support political decision-making.

 

Period 2021 - 2024
Contact Person
Dr. Thomas Badewien
Funding Agency German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
Website

 

   
(Changed: 2021-06-10)