Gender and Migration

Prof. Dr. Moha Ennaji and Dr. Lydia Potts

Lectures: Friday, Oct. 19, 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Setting the agenda for the working group: Saturday, Oct. 20, 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Working group (independent): Friday, Oct. 26 – Sunday Oct. 28 (16 hrs)
Presentation: Monday, Oct 29, 10:00 – 4:30 pm (30 min.)

As in many other fields of research, the issue of ‘Gender and Migration’ is often dealt with as ‘bringing women into migration research’. Meanwhile, there is a vast literature on women and migration (e.g. Eleanore O. Hofstetter, Women Immigrants 1945 to the Present: A Bibliography, electronic document <>), which has brought important insights into the diverse and changing roles of women and gender relations in the historical and contemporary dynamics of local, regional and global migration processes. But to date there have only been isolated investigations in migration research in which men/masculinity is used as category. In fact, research into the dynamics and structuring effects of gender as well as other dimensions of diversity (e.g. ethnicity, class, religion) in the context of migration is generally lacking.

While Prof. Dr. Moha Ennaji discusses in this course the issue of migration and gender in Morocco in a broader perspective, his focus is particularly on the situation of women left behind by male migrants. The first lecture will address the theoretical approach, namely a broad version of the migration economics theory, which analyzes migration as a means of revenue rising and stipulates that the migration decision is determined more by the family strategy than by an individual choice. Within this framework, it is argued that people migrate with the expectation of increasing their income and of improving their living standards while taking minimal risks.

The second lecture by Dr. Lydia Potts will start with a brief overview on recent developments and trends in migration theory as well as addressing the emerging global discourse on migration. In the second part, the lecture will suggest how the interconnection of perspectives on gender and other categories of diversity will lead to new ways of evaluating migration processes and subsequently might have an impact on policy issues. 



texts provided as a reader

  • Boyd, Monica/ Grieco, Elizabeth. “Women and Migration: Incorporating Gender into International Migration Theory.” 2003 [22.09.2006]
  • Carling, Jorgen. “Gender Dimensions of International Migration.” Discussion Paper No. 35 of Global Commission on International Migration. May 2005. [22.09.2006]
  • Moha Ennaji, 2007. “Migration, Development and Gender in Morocco.” In: Migration et Diversité Culturelle. Ed. Moha Ennaji. Fès: Metro Med & Fès-Saiss Publications.
  • Ennaji, M. (2006). “Social Policy in Morocco: History, Politics and Social Development.” In: Social Policy in the Middle East. Ed. M. Karhsenas, M and V. Moghadam. Houndsmill: Palgrave, pp.109-134.
  • Erel, Umut. “Skilled Migrant Women and Citizenship.” Crossing Borders and Shifting Boundaries. Vol. I: Gender on the Move. Ed. Mirijana Morokvasic-Müller, Umut Erel, and Kyoko Shinozaki. Opladen: Leske+Budrich, 2003: 261-83.
  • Jolly, Susie/ Reeves, Hazel. “Gender and Migration. Overview Report.” University of Sussex, Brighton: BRIDGE Institute of Development Studies, 2005. [22.09.2006] [ToC]
  • Morokvasic, Mirjana. “Transnational Mobility and Gender: A View from Post-Wall Europe.” Crossing Borders and Shifting Boundaries. Vol. I: Gender on the Move. Ed. Mirijana Morokvasic-Müller, Umut Erel, and Kyoko Shinozaki. Opladen: Leske+Budrich, 2003: 101-33.
  • United Nations. 2004 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development. Women and International Migration. New York 2005. [22.09.2006] [ToC; Introduction]
  • United Nations Population Fund. State of the World Population 2006: A Passage to Hope. Women and Intermational Migration. UNFPA 2006. [22.09.2006] [ToC; Introduction]
  • Sadiqi, F. and M. Ennaji. 2004. “Effects of Male Migration from Morocco to Europe on Women: A Gender Approach”, in Geographica (Lisbon).

books and other texts accessible during the summer school:

Dr. Potts

Dr. Ennaji

  • Chant, Sylvia, ed. (1992). Gender and Migration in Developing Countries. London: Belhaven. (ch. 1)
  • Chant, S. (1997). Women-Headed Households. London. McMillan Press Ltd. (ch. 1)
  • Ennaji, M. & Sadiqi, F. (to appear). Migration and Gender in Morocco. Trenton: Africa World Press.
  • Ennaji, M. (2007) (ed.). Migration and Cultural Diversity. Proceedings of the International Conference on Migration and Cultural Diversity. Fès: Publications of Fès-Saiss Association.
  • Ennaji, M. (2005). Multilingualism, Cultural Identity and Education in Morocco. New York: Springer. (ch. 1)
  • Fonseca, M. L. & M. Ormond, “A Gendered Approach to Immigration in Southern Europe: the Portuguese Case” 2nd July 2004. In, Proceedings of the conference on “Migration and Cultural Diversity”. Fès: Fès-Saiss Publications.
  • Ruspini, P. (2006). “Migration and Integration: The Italian Experience.” Proceedings of the International Colloquium on “Migration and Cultural Diversity” 1-3 July 2004. Fès - Morocco.
  • Sadiqi, F. (2003). Women, Gender and Language in Morocco. Leiden and Boston: Brill Academic Publishers.
Web8oemastaid/er (jan.kumhcehnemundhud@uol.deipm) (Stand: 07.11.2019)