Group Leader

Prof. Dr. Thomas Müller


Group Members


Petra Rösner

W3 3-339

+49 441 798 3654

FAX: +49 441 798 3352


Adress and Direction

Postal address

Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg
Institute of Chemistry
Carl von Ossietzky Straße 9 - 11
D-26129 Oldenburg



156.  A. J. Fernandes, F. Robert, Y. Landais, S. Künzler, T. Müller
On the Origin of the Non-planarity in Biarylsilyloxonium Ions
Chem.Eur.J. 10.1002/chem.202102614

155. C. R. W. Reinhold, M. Schmidtmann, B. Tumanskii, T. Müller
Radicals and Anions of Siloles and Germoles
Chem.Eur.J. 2021, 27, 12063-12068.
Front cover: Chem.Eur.J. 2021, 27, 12007.
Cover profile:
Chem.Eur.J. 2021, 27, 12911.


154. H. F. T. Klare, L. Albers, L.Süsse, S. Keess, T. Müller, M. Oestreich
Silylium Ions: From Elusive Reactive Intermediates to Potent Catalysts
Chem. Rev. 2021, 121, 10, 5889-5985.


153. Z. Dong, J. M. Winkler, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Three-membered cyclic digermylenes stabilised by an N-heterocyclic carbene
Chem. Sci. 2021, 12, 6287-6292
Part of the themed collection: 2021 Chemical Science HOT Article Collection
Featured in: ChemistryViews


152. A. Merk, L. Bührmann, N. Kordts, K. Görtemaker, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Intramolecular Halo Stabilization of Silyl Cations – Silylated Halonium- and Bis-Halo Substituted Siliconium Borates
Chem. Eur. J.2021, 27, 3496–3503.


151. A. Pöcheim, G. A. Özpınar, T. Müller, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner
The Combination of Cross-Hyperconjugation and σ-Conjugation in 2,5-Oligosilanyl Substituted Siloles
Chem. Eur. J. 2020, 26, 17252-17260.

150. S. Künzler, S. Rathjen, K. Rüger, M. S. Würdemann, M. Wernke, P. Tholen, C. Girschik, M. Schmidtmann, Y. Landais, T. Müller
Chiral Chalcogenyl-Substituted Naphthyl- and Acenaphthyl-Silanes and Their Cations
Chem. Eur. J.2020, 26, 16441–16449.

149. T. Müller
Product Subclass 28: Germoles
in Science of Synthesis Knowledge Updates, 2020, 2, 1-30.
Eds. M. Christmann, C. Marschner et al. 
DOI: 10.1055/sos-SD-105-00210

148. L. Albers, P. Tholen, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
A germaaluminocene
Chem. Sci. 2020, 11, 2982-2986.

147. Z. Dong, L. Albers, T. Müller
Trialkylsilyl-Substituted Silole and Germole Dianions as Precursors for Unusual Silicon and GermaniumCompounds
Acc. Chem. Res.2020, 53, 532-543.

146. A. Fernandes, C. Laye, S. Pramanik, D. Palmeira, Ö. Pekel, S. Massip, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller, F. Robert, Y. Landais
Chiral Memory in Silyl-Pyridinium and Quinolinium Cations
J. Am .Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1, 564-572.

145. J. Christoffers, J. Strehl, Ch. Kahrs, G. Hilt, T. Müller
Electrochemical Induced Ring Transformation of Cyclic α‐(ortho‐Iodophenyl)‐β‐oxoesters
Chem. Eur. J.2020, 26, 3222-3225. Featured as inside cover


144. S. Künzler, S. Rathjen, A. Merk, M. Schmidtmann. T. Müller,
An Experimental Acidity Scale for Intramolecularly Stabilized Silyl Lewis Acids
Chem. Eur. J.2019, 25, 15123-15130.

143. Z. Dong, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Potassium Salts of 2,5-Bis(trimethylsilyl)-Germolide: Switching between Aromatic and Non-Aromatic States
Chem. Eur. J. 2019, 25, 10858-10865. Featured as Cover picture.
Front cover: Chem. Eur. J. 2019, 25, 10763.
Cover profile: Chem. Eur. J. 2019, 25, 10767.

142. X. Li, R. Pang, Z. Li, G. Lai, X.-Q. Xiao, T. Müller
Exceptionally Long C-C Single Bonds in Diamino-o-carborane as Induced by Negative Hyperconjugation
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58, 1397-1401.

Featured in: Chemistry World December 2018
Featured in: C&N News, 2019, 99, Issue 10

141. Z. Dong, L. Albers, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
A Germacalicene: Synthesis, Structure and Reactivity
Chem. Eur. J. 2019, 25, 1098-1105.


140. Z. Dong, C. R. W. Reinhold, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Trialkylsilyl Substituted Silole and Germole Dianions
Organometallics 2018, 37 (24) 4736-4743.

139. A. Merk, H. Großekappenberg, M. Schmidtmann, M.-P. Luecke, C. Lorent, M. Driess, M. Oestreich, H. F. T. Klare, T. Müller
Single-Electron Transfer Reactions in Frustrated and Conventional Silylium Ion/Phosphane Lewis Pairs
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 15267-15271.
Einelektronenübertragungsreaktionen in frustrierten und klassischen Silyliumion/Phosphan- Lewis-Paaren
Angew. Chem. 2018, 130, 15487-15492.

Featured in: Nature Reviews Chemistry 2, 255 (2018)
Featured in: Deutscher Wasserstoff- und Brennstoffzellen Verband (DWV) - Mitteilungen Nr. 1/19, S. 25

138. P. Tholen, Z. Dong, M. Schmidtmann, L. Albers, T. Müller
A Neutral η5-Aminoborole Complex of Germanium(II)   
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2018, 57, 13319-13324.
Ein neutraler η5-Aminoborol-Germanium(II)-Komplex        
Angew. Chem. 2018, 130, 13503-13508.

137. Z. Dong, H. H. Cramer, M. Schmidtmann, L. A. Paul, I. Siewert, T. Müller
Evidence for a Single Electron Shift in a Lewis Acid–Base Reaction
J. Am. Chem. Soc.,
2018, 140, 15419–15424. (Featured on the supplementary cover)


136. Z. Dong, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Reactivity of a Bicyclo[2.1.1]hexene Germylene towards Elemental Chalcogens
Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.2018, 644, 1041-1046.


135. Z. Dong, O. Janka, J. Kösters, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
A Dimeric η15-Germole Dianion Bridged Titanium(III) Complex with a Multicenter Ti-Ge-Ge-Ti Bond
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 8634-8638.

134. M. Walewska, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, L. Albers, T. Müller
Spirocyclic germanes via transannular insertion reactions of vinyl germylenes into Si-Si bonds
Dalton Trans. 2018, 47, 5985-5996.


133. X.-Q. Xiao, H. Zhao, J. Li, Z. Li, M. Kira, T. Müller
Cation Triggered Stannate(II)/Stannylenoid/Stannylene Conversion
Chem. Eur. J.2018, 24, 5967-5973.

132. Z. Dong, K. Bedbur, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Hafnocene-based Bicyclo[2.1.1]hexene Germylenes – Formation, Reactivity and Structural Flexibility
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 3052-3060.

131. C. R. W. Reinhold, Z. Dong, J. M. Winkler, H. Steinert, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
A One-Step Germole to Silole Transformation and a Stable Isomer of a Disilabenzene
Chem. Eur. J. 2018, 24, 848-854. (selected as inside cover)




130. N. Kordts, S. Künzler, S. Rathjen, T. Sieling, H. Großekappenberg, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Silyl Chalconium Ions: Synthesis, Structure and Application in Hydrodefluorination Reactions
Chem. Eur. J.2017, 23, 10068-10079. (selected as cover page)
Front cover: Chem. Eur. J.2017, 23, 9971.
Cover profile:Chem. Eur. J.2017, 23, 9973.

129. Z. Dong, C. R. W. Reinhold, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
A Stable Silylene with a σ2,π-Butadiene Ligand
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 7117-7123.


128. Z. Dong, Z. Li, X. Liu, C. Yan, N. Wei, M. Kira, T. Müller
Dihydrogen Splitting Using Dialkylsilylene-Based Frustrated Lewis Pairs
Chem. Asian J.2017, 124, 1204-1207.

127. I. Geibel, A. Dierks, T. Müller, J. Christoffers
Formation of σ-Lactones with anti-Baeyer-Villiger Regiochemistry: Investigations into the Mechanism of the Cerium-Catalyzed Aerobic Coupling of β-Oxoesters with Enol Acetates
Chem. Eur. J.2017, 23, 7245-7254.(selected as inside cover)

126. N. Del Rio, M. Lopez-Reyes, A. Baceiredo, N. Saffon-Merceron, D. Lutters, T. Müller, T. Kato
N,P-Heterocyclic Germylene/B(C6F5)3 Adducts: A Lewis Pair with Multi-reactive Sites
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 1365-1370.


125. M. Walewska, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, L. Albers, T. Müller
Alkyne Addition and Insertion Reactions of [(Me3Si)3Si]2Ge⋅PMe3
Chem. Eur. J.2016, 22, 18512-18521.

124. Z. Dong, C. R. W. Reinhold, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
A Germylene Stabilized by Homoconjugation
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 15899-15904.


123. D. Lutters, A. Merk, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
The Silicon Version of Phosphine Chalcogenides: Synthesis and Bonding Analysis of Stabilized Heavy Silaaldehydes
Inorg. Chem. 2016, 55, 9026-9032.

122. M. Walewska, J. Hlina, J. Baumgartner, T. Müller, C. Marschner
Basic Reactivity Pattern of a Cyclic Disilylated Germylene
Organometallics2016, 35, 2728-2737.

121. L. Albers, S. Rathjen, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, T. Müller
Dispersion-Energy-Driven Wagner-Meerwein Rearrangements in Oligosilanes
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 6886-6892.

120. L. Albers, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, T. Müller
Cationic Si-H-Si Bridges in Polysilanes: Their Detection and Targeted Formation in Stable Ion Studies
Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 7970-7977.


119. N. Del Rio, A. Baceiredo, N. Saffon-Merceron, D. Hashizume, D. Lutters, T. Müller, T. Kato
A Stable Heterocyclic Amino(phosphanylidene-σ4-phosphorane) Germylene
Angew.Chem. Int. Ed.2016, 55, 4753-4758.

118. D. Lutters, C. Severin, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Activation of 7-Silanorbornadienes by N-Heterocyclic Carbenes: A Selective Way to N-Heterocyclic-Carbene-Stabilized Silylenes
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2016, 138 (18), 6061–6067.


117. M. M. Linden, H. P. Reisenauer, D. Gerbig, M. Karni, A. Schäfer, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, P. R. Schreiner
Preparation of a Silanone through Oxygen Atom Transfer to a Stable Cyclic Silylene
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.2015, 54, 12404-12409.

116. H. Großekappenberg, N. Lühmann, W. Saak, T. Müller
A Molecular Hexacoordinated Triorganoaluminium Compound with Trifold Si-H...Al Coordination
Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.2015, 641, 2543-2548.

115. H. Großekappenberg, M. Reißmann, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Quantitative Assessment of the Lewis Acidity of Silylium Ions
Organometallics2015, 34, 4952-4958.

114. L. Albers, M. A. Meshgi, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, T. Müller
Wagner-Meerwein-Type Rearrangements of Germapolysilanes - A Stable Ion Study
Organometallics2015, 34, 3756 - 3763.

113. R. Zitz, K. Gatterer, C. R. W. Reinhold, T. Müller, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner
Oligosilanylated Antimony Compounds
Organometallics2015, 34, 1419 - 1430.

112. M. Reißmann, A. Schäfer, R. Panisch, M. Schmidtmann, M. Bolte, T. Müller
Cyclic Silylated Onium Ions of Group 15 Elements
Inorg. Chem. 2015, 54, 2393 - 2402.



111. T. Müller
Silylium Ions
Struct Bond, 2014, 155, 107 - 162.

110. F. Loose, I. Plettenberg, D. Haase, W. Saak, M. Schmidtmann, A. Schäfer, T. Müller, R. Beckhaus
Aromatic Imines in the Titanocene Coordination Sphere—Titanaaziridine vs 1-Aza-2-titanacyclopent-4-ene Structures
Organometallics2014, 33, 6785 - 6795.

109. A. Schäfer, M. Reißmann, A. Schäfer, M. Schmidtmann, T. Müller
Dihydrogen Activation by a Silylium Silylene Frustrated Lewis Pair and the Unexpected Isomerization Reaction of a Protonated Silylene
Chem. Eur. J.2014, 20, 9381 - 9386.

108. J. Hlina, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, L. Albers, T. Müller, V. V. Jouikov
Formation and Properties of a Bicyclic Silylated Digermene
Chem. Eur. J.2014, 20, 9357 – 9366.


107. N. Kordts, C. Borner, R. Panisch, W. Saak, T. Müller
Hydrogen-Bridged Digermyl and Germylsilyl Cations
Organometallics2014, 33, 1492 - 1498.



106. T. Müller
Product Subclass 43: Silylium Ions and Stabilized Silylium Ions
in Science of Synthesis Knowledge Updates, 2013, 3, 1-44.
Eds. K. Banert, A. P. Dobbs, D. G. Hall, M. North, M. Oestreich
DOI: 10.1055/sos-SD-104-00228

105. M. Reißmann, A. Schäfer, S. Jung, T. Müller
Silylium Ion/Phosphane Lewis Pairs
Organometallics2013, 32, 6736 – 6744.

104. A. Schäfer, M. Reißmann, S. Jung, A. Schäfer, W. Saak, E. Brendler, T. Müller
Synthesis of Silylium and Germylium Ions by a Substituent Exchange Reaction
Organometallics, 2013, 32, 4713 - 4722.

Abstract Image

103. H. Arp, C. Marschner, J. Baumgartner, P. Zark, T. Müller
Coordination Chemistry of Disilylated Stannylenes with Group 10 d10 Transition Metals: Silastannene vs Stannylene Complexation
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135, 7949 - 7959.

Abstract Image

102. J. Hlina, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, P. Zark, T. Müller
Coordination Chemistry of Disilylated Germylenes with Group 4 Metallocenes
Organometallics, 2013, 32, 3300 - 3308.

Abstract Image

101. J. Hlina, J. Baumgartner, and C. Marschner, L. Albers, T. Müller
Cyclic Disilylated and Digermylated Germylenes
Organometallics, 2013, 32, 3404 - 3410.

Abstract Image

100. C. Gerdes, W. Saak, D. Haase, T. Müller
Dibenzosilanorbornadienyl Cations and Their Fragmentation into Silyliumylidenes
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135, 10353 - 10361.

Abstract Image


99. H. Arp, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, P. Zark, T. Müller
Dispersion Energy Enforced Dimerization of a Cyclic Disilylated Plumbylene
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2012, 134, 6409 - 6415.


98. A. Schäfer, W. Saak, D. Haase, T. Müller
Silyl Cation Mediated Conversion of CO2 into Benzoic Acid, Formic Acid, and Methanol
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 2981 - 2984.

97. H. Arp, J. Baumgartner, C. Marschner, P. Zark, T. Müller
Coordiantion Chemistry of Cyclic Disilylated Stannylenes and Plumbylenes to Group 4 Metallocenes
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2012, 134, 10864 - 10875.


96. H. Arp, M. Zirngast, C. Marschner, J. Baumgartner, K. Rasmussen, P. Zark, and T. Müller
Synthesis of Oligosilanyl Compounds of Group 4 Metallocenes with the Oxidation State +3
Organometallics2012, 31, 4309 - 4319.




95. André Schäfer, Matti Reißmann, Annemarie Schäfer, Wolfgang Saak, Detlev Haase, Thomas Müller
A New Synthesis of Triarylsilylium Ions and Their Application in Dihydrogen Activation
Ein neuer Syntheseweg für Triarylsilyliumionen und deren Anwendung in der Aktivierung von molekularem Wasserstoff
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 12636 - 12638, Angew. Chem. 2011, 123, 12845 - 12848.

94. Annemarie Schäfer, Florian Winter, Wolfgang Saak, Detlev Haase, Rainer Pöttgen, Thomas Müller
Stannylium Ions, a Tin (II) Arene Complex, and a Tin Dication Stabilized by Weakly Coordinating Anions
Chem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 10979 - 10984.

93. Annemarie Schäfer, Wolfgang Saak, Detlev Haase, Thomas Müller
Persistent Dialkyl(silyl)stannylium Ions
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 14652 - 14565.

92. Nicole Lühmann, Hajime Hirao, Sason Shaik, Thomas Müller
Disilylfluoronium Ions - Synthesis, Structure, and Bonding
Organometallics2011, 30, 4087 - 4096.

91. Insa Prochnow, Patrick Zark, Thomas Müller, Sven Doye
Der Mechanismus der titankatalysierten Hydroaminoalkylierung von Alkenen
The Mechanism of the Titanium-Catalyzed Hydroaminoalkylation of Alkenes
Angew. Chem. 2011, 123, 6525 - 6529, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 6401 - 6405.

90. Henning Arp, Judith Baumgartner, Christoph Marschner, Thomas Müller
A Cyclic Disilylated Stannylene: Synthesis, Dimerization, and Adduct Formation
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 5632 - 5635.


89. Claudia Gerdes, Julia Schuppan, Arnd Rüdiger Grimmer, Michael Bolte, Wolfgang Saak, Detlev Haase, Thomas Müller
29Si NMR Chemical Shift Tensor and Electronic Structure of 7-Silanorbornadiene
Silicon2010, 2, 217 - 227.

88. Nicole Lühmann, Thomas Müller
Eine Verbindung mit einer Si-C-Dreifachbindung
Angew. Chem.2010, 122, 10240 - 10242.

87. Annemarie Schäfer, André Schäfer, Thomas Müller
Silaimidazolium and silaimidazolidinium ions
Dalton Trans. 2010, 39, 9296 - 9303.

86. Nicole Lühmann, Robin Panisch, Thomas Müller
A catalytic C-C bond-forming reaction between aliphatic fluorohydrocarbons and arylsilanes
App. Org. Chem.2010, 24, 533 - 537.

85. Andrea Klaer, Thomas Müller
Hyperconjugation in ß,ß'-silyl substituted Vinyl Cations - Indications from IR Spectroscopy
J. Phys.Org. Chem.2010, 23, 1043 - 1048.

84. Claudia Gerdes, Thomas Müller
Neuigkeiten vom Silicium - ein Isomer des Hexasilabenzols und eine Metall-Silicium-Dreifachbindung
Angew. Chem.2010, 122, 4978 - 4981.

83. Patrick Zark, Thomas Müller,*, Robert West Kendrekar Pravinkumar, and James Y. Becker
Electrochemistry and MO Computations of Saturated and Unsaturated N-Heterocyclic Silylenes
Organometallics2010, 29, 1603 - 1606.

82. T. Müller
Stability, Reactivity, and Strategies for the Synthesis of Silyliumylidenes, RSi:+. A Computational Study
Organometallics2010, 29, 1277 - 1283.

81. P. Zark, A. Schäfer, D. Haase, W. Saak, T. Müller, A. Mitra, R. West
Synthesis and reactivity of N-aryl substituted N-heterocyclic silylenes
J. Organomet. Chem. 2010, 695, 398 - 408.


80. Annemarie Schäfer, Manfred Weidenbruch, Thomas Müller, Kendrekar Pravinkumar, James Y. Becker
Electrochemical Properties of a Disilene, a Tetrasila-1,3-butadiene and their Germanium Analogues
Chem. Eur. J.2009, 34, 8424 - 8428.

79. Andrea Klaer, Yvonne Syha, Hamid Reza Nasiri, Thomas Müller
Trisilyl Substituted Vinyl Cations
Chem. Eur. J. 2009, 15, 8414 - 8423.

78. Amitabha Mitra, Joseph P. Wojcik, Daniel Lecoanet, Thomas Müller, Robert West
Ein Bis(silaselenon) mit zwei donorstabilisierten SiSe‐Bindungen, erhalten durch eine unerwartet stereokonvergente Hydrolyse eines Diselenadisiletans
A Bis(silaselenone) with Two Donor-Stabilized Si=Se Bonds from an Unexpected Stereoconvergent Hydrolysis of a Diselenadisiletane
Angew. Chem.2009, 121, 4130 - 4133, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2009, 48, 4069-4072.

77. Thomas Müller
Splendid Isolation for a Nonmetallic Dication
Angew. Chem.2009, 121, 3794 - 3797.

76. Harald Wagner, Judith Baumgartner, Thomas Müller, Christoph Marschner
Shuttling Germanium Atoms into Branched Polysilanes
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 5022 - 5023.

75. Annemarie Schäfer, Wolfgang Saak, Detlev Haase, Thomas Müller
A Germanium(II) Cation with [1+1] Coordination
Chem. Eur. J. 2009, 15, 3945 - 3950.


73. Andrea Klaer, Detlev Haase, Wolfang Saak, Thomas Müller
Molecular Structure of a Cyclopropyl Substituted Vinyl Cation
J. Am Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 14956 - 14957.

72. Jan W. Bats, Birgit Urschel, Thomas Müller
Acta Cryst. 2008, E64, o2235.

71. Yu Yang, Robin Panisch, Michael Bolte, Thomas Müller
Bis-alkene Complexes of Stannylium and Germylium Ions
Organometallics2008, 4847- 4853.

70. Thomas Müller
Five - membered rings with three or four Heteroatoms including at least One Silicon
in Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry III, Vol 6
(Eds. A. Katritzky, C. Ramsden, E. Scriven, R. J. K. Taylor, V.V. Zhdankin)
Elsevier 2008, 51, 655 - 690.

69. Irina S. Toulokhonova, Vitaly I. Timokhin, David N. Bunck, Ilia Guzei, Robert West, Thomas Müller
Silylene and Germylene Intermediates in the Reactions of Silole and Germole Dianions with N,N'-Di-tert-butylethylenediimine
Eur. J. Chem.2008, 14, 2344 - 2349.


68. Thomas Müller, Dominik Margraf, Yvonne Syha, Hamid Reza Nasiri, Christian Kaiser, Rita Maier, Bettine Boltres, Mark Juhasz, Christopher, A. Reed
Unusually Stable Vinyl Cations
in Recent Developments in Onium Ion Chemistry, ACS Symposium Series 965 (Ed. K. Laali) 2007, 51 - 67.

67. Robin Panisch, Michael Bolte, Thomas Müller
Structure and Bonding in Bissilylated Arenium Ions
Organometallics, 2007, 26, 3524 - 3529.


66. Thomas Müller ­
Non planar silylium, germylium and stannylium ions
Silicon Chemistry2006, 3, 123 - 130.

65. Robin Panisch, Michael Bolte, Thomas Müller
Hydrogen- and Fluorine-Bridged Disilyl Cations and Their Use in Catalytic C-F Activation
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2006, 128, 9676 - 9682.

64. Michael Bolte, Birgit Urschel, Thomas Müller
Acta Crystallographica Section E2006, E61, o1235.

63. Irina S. Toulokhonova, Dennis R. Friedrichsen, Nicholas J. Hill, Thomas Müller, Robert West
Unusual Reaction of 1,1-Dilithio-2,3,4,5-tetraphenylsilole with 1,3-Dienes Yielding Spirosilanes and Elemental Lithium
Angew. Chem.2006, 118, 2640 - 2643.


62. Thomas Müller, Dominik Margraf, Yvonne Syha
σ-Delocalization versusπ-Resonance in α-Aryl substituted Vinyl Cations
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2005, 127, 10852 - 10860.

61. Michael Bolte, Ilya Ruderfer, Thomas Müller
Lithium-tetrakis(pentafluorphenyl)borate - benzene (1½)
Acta Crystallographica Section E2005, E61, m1581.

60. Thomas Müller
Cations of group 14 organometallics
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry2005, 53, 155 - 215.

59. R. Panisch, T. Müller
Synthesis and Characterization of Bissilylated Onium Ions of Group 15 Elements
Organosilicon Chemistry VI, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim2005, 74.

58. T. Müller, M. Juhasz, C. A. Reed

Structural and Spectroscopic Evidence for Bild-SiC Hyperconjugation in Vinyl Cations

Organosilicon Chemistry VI, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim2005, 80.


57. T. Müller, M. Juhasz, C. A. Reed
The X-ray Structure of a Vinyl Cation
Angew. Chem.2004, 116, 1569 - 1572. - Besprochen in: Nachr. Chem. Tech. Lab. 2004, 52, 532.

56. A. Dhiman, J. Y. Becker, Thomas Müller, R. West
Electrochemistry and Computations of Stable Silylenes and Germylenes
Organometallics2004, 23, 5689 - 5693.

55. A. Dhiman, J. Y. Becker, O. Minge, H. Schmidbaur, T. Müller
A simple correlation of anodic peak potentials of silyl-arenes and their vertical ionization potentials
Organometallics2004, 23, 1636 - 1638.

54. M. D. Thomson, M. Novosel, H. G. Roskos, T. Müller, M. Scheibitz, M. Wagner, F. Fabrizi de Biani, P. Zanello
Electronic structure, photophysics and relaxation dynamics of charge transfer excited states in boron-nitrogen-bridged ferrocene-donor compounds
J. Phys. Chem. 2004, 108, 3281 - 3291.


53. H.-U. Steinberger, C. Bauch, T. Müller, N. Auner
A Metal-free Catalytic Intramolecular Hydrosilylation
Can.J. Chem. 2003, 11, 1223 - 1227.

52. T. Müller
The Chemical Shift Tensor of Silylenes
J. Organomet. Chem.2003, 686, 251 - 256.

51. G. Tsantes, N. Auner, T. Müller
29Si NMR Chemical Shifts of Siloxanes: An Ab initio and Density Functional Study
Organosilicon Chemistry V, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim 2003, 334.

50. T. Müller
A Model System for the Generation of Silyl Cationic Species
Organosilicon Chemistry V, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim 2003, 34.

49. G.-H. Lee, R. West, T. Müller
Bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amino]silylene, an Unstable Divalent SiliconCompound
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2003, 125, 8114 - 8115.

48. J. B. Lambert, L. Lin, S. Keinan, T. Müller
A Free, Tricoordinate Stannylium Cation
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2003, 125, 6022 6023.

47. T. Müller, R. Meyer, M. Bolte
1,3-Dimethyl-1,3-bis(2,3,4-triphenyl-1-naphthyl)disiloxane hexane solvate
Acta Crystallographica Section E, 2003, 59, o1838.

46. T. Müller, B. Schrecke, M. Bolte
Acta Crystallographica Section E, 2003, 59, o1820.

45. M. Bolte, C. Bauch, T. Müller
Triphenylmethylium tetrakis[4(p-tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-2,3,5,6- tetraflurophenyl]borate
Acta Crystallographica Section E, 2003, 53, o950.

44. M. Bolte, R.Panisch, T. Müller
A Cocrystal of diethylammonium chloride and diphenylamine
Acta Crystallographica Section E, 2003, 53, o929.

43. T. Müller, C. Bauch, M. Bolte, N. Auner
Unique Coordination of Two C=C Double Bonds to an Electron Deficient Lead Center
Chem. Eur. J. 2003, 9, 1746 - 1749.

42. H.-U. Siehl, T. Müller, J. Gauss
NMR Spectroscopic and Quantum Chemical Characterization of the E- and Z- Isomers of the Penta-1,3-dienyl-2-cation
J. Phys.Org. Chem.2003, 16, 577 - 581.

41. T. Müller, C. Bauch, M. Ostermeier, M. Bolte, N. Auner
Norbornyl Cations of Group 14 Elements
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2003, 125, 2158 - 2168.


40. Y. Liu, D. Ballweg, T. Müller, I. A. Guzei, R. W. Clark, R. West
Chemistry of the Aromatic 9-Germafluorenyl Dianion and Some Related Silicon And Carbon Species
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2002, 124, 12174 - 12181.

39. T. Müller
Comment on the X-Ray Structure of Pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Cation
Angew. Chem.2002, 114, 2380; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2002, 41, 2276 - 2278.

38. T. Müller, Y. Apeloig
Possible Strategies toward the Elusive Tetraaminodisilene
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2002, 124, 3457 - 3460.

37. K. Werner, R. Meyer, T. Müller
Persistent Bissilylated Arenium Ions
Chem. Eur. J.2002, 8, 1163 - 1172.


36. T. Müller, T. Kühler, P. Jutzi
On the Nature of Protonated Decamethylsilicocene, (Me5C5)2Si+H
Organometallics2001, 20, 5619 - 5628.

35. J. Schuppan, B. Herrschaft, T. Müller
The Elusive 7-Silanorbornadien-7-ylium, Synthesis and Characterization of Nitrilium and Oxonium Ions deriving from 2,3-Benzo-7-Silanorbornadien-7-ylium
Organometallics2001, 20, 4584 - 4592.

34. T. Müller
A Silyl Cation with a Si-H-Si Three-Center-Bond
Angew. Chem.2001113, 3123 - 3126; Angw. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2001, 3033 - 3036. - Besprochen in: Nachr. Chem. Tech. Lab. 2001,49, 1279.

33. M. Takahashi, S. Tsuitsui, K. Sakamoto, M. Kira, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig
Theoretical Prediction of Vertical Transition Energies of Diaminosilylenes and Aminosubstituted Disilenes
J. Comp. Chem.2001, 22, 1536 - 1541.

32. R. West, T. A. Schmedake, M. Haaf, J. Becker, T. Müller
A Disilanyl Dianion and a Silyl Dianion from a Stable Silylene
Chemistry Letters2001, 68 - 69.

31. T. Müller, M. Bendikov, N. Auner, Y. Apeloig
The Trichlorovinylsilane/tert-Butyllithium Reagent - A source for Transient Silenes?
Organometallics, 2001, 20, 598 - 600.

30. M. Takahashi, S. Tsuitsui, K. Sakamoto, M. Kira, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig
Dimers of Diaminosilylenes: Doubly Bonded or Bridged? The Dimers of (i-Pr2N)2Si:
J. Am. Chem. Soc.2001, 123, 347 - 348.

29. A. de Meijere, D. Faber, U. Heinicke, R. Walsh, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig
On the Question of Cyclopropylidene Intermediates in Cyclo-propene to Allene Rearrangements - Tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)-cyclo-propene and 3-Alkenyl-1,2,3- tris(trimethylsilyl)cyclo-propenes and Related ModelCompounds
Eur. J. of Org. Chem.2001, 4, 663 - 680.


28. T. Müller, R. Meyer, D. Lennartz, H.-U. Siehl
Unusually Stable Vinyl Cations
Angew. Chem.2000, 112, 3203 - 3206Angew. Chem.Int. Ed. Engl. 2000, 39, 3074 - 3077.

27. N. Auner, T. Müller, J. Grobe, H. W. Rathmann
Transient Silenes and their Dimethyl-d6 Ether Donor Complexes from Gas-Phase Pyrolysis of Siletanes
Organometallics2000, 19, 3476 - 3485.


26. N. Auner, T. Müller, M. Ostermeier, J. Schuppan, H.-U. Steinberger
Intramolecularely p-stabilized Silyl Cations
Organosilicon Chemistry IV, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim 1999, 140 .

25. T. Müller
The Si4H6 Potential Energy Surface
Organosilicon Chemistry IV, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim 1999, 110.

24. T. A. Schmedake, M. Haaf, Y. Apeloig, T. Müller, S. Bukalov, R. West
Reversible transformation between a diamiosilylene and a novel disilene
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 9479 - 9480.

23. H.-U. Siehl, T. Müller
Organische Kationen
Nachr. Chem. Tech. Lab.1999, 47, 157.


22. H.-U. Siehl, T. Müller
Silyl-substituted Carbocations in The chemistry of organosilicon compounds Vol. 2
Eds. Z. Rappoport, Y. Apeloig Wiley Interscience, Chichester, 1998, 595-702.

21. T. Müller, W. Ziche, N. Auner
Silicon-Carbon and Silicon-Nitrogen Multiply Bonded Compounds in The chemistry of organosilicon compounds Vol. 2
Eds. Z. Rappoport, Y. Apeloig Wiley Interscience, Chichester, 1998, 857-1063.

20. R. Wolfgramm, T. Müller, U. Klingebiel
Irreversible Rearrangement of Silyl Groups between Oxygen and Nitrogen in Tris(silyl)hydroxylamines
Organometallics1998, 17, 3222 - 3226.

19. T. Müller
Konjugierte π-Systeme mit schweren Hauptgruppenelementen - ein neutrales stabiles Silaaren und das erste Tetrasilabutadien
Angew. Chem., 1998, 110, 71 - 73; Angew. Chem.Int. Ed. Engl.1998, 37, 68 - 70.

18. R. West, J. J. Buffy, M. Haaf, T. Müller, B. Gehrhus, M. F. Lappert, Y. Apeloig
Chemical Shift Tensor and NICS Calculations for Stable Silylenes
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 1639 - 1640.

17. T. Müller, Y. Zhao, J. B. Lambert
Computational Evidence for a free Silylium Ion
Organometallics1998, 17, 278 - 280.

16. T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, H. Sohn, R. West
Silole and Germole Dianions and their Dilithium Derivatives - Are they Aromatic?
Organosilicon Chemistry III, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim 1998, 144 -151.


15. Y. Apeloig, T. Müller
Theoretical Studies of Dicoordinated Carbenium Ions in Divalent carbocations and related species
Eds. Z. Rappoport, P.J. Stang, Wiley Interscience, Chichester, 1997, 9 - 104.

14. A. Frenzel, J. J. Buffy, D. R. Powell, T. Müller, R. West
Synthetic and Structural Studies of 1,Sila-2,5-diaryltetrazenes
Chem. Eur. J., Chem. Berichte /Recueil1997, 130, 1579 - 1583.

13. H.-U. Steinberger, T. Müller, N. Auner, C. Maerker, P. v. R. Schleyer
The 2-Silanorbornylcation, a Uniquely Stabilized Siliconium Ion
Angew. Chem.1997, 109, 667 - 669, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1997, 36, 626 - 628. - Besprochen in: Nachr. Chem. Tech. Lab. 1997, 45, 108.

12. R. West, J. Cavalieri, J. J. Buffy, C. Fry, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, K. Zilm, J. Duchamp, M. Kira, T. Iwamoto
A Solid-state NMR Study of the Chemical Bonding in Disilenes
J. Am. Chem. Soc.1997, 119, 4972 - 4976.

11. R. Shvily, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, A. Mandelbaum
Direct Evidence for Anchimeric Assistance in Alcohol Elimination from Gas-Phase MH+ Ions of stereoisomeric 1,4-Dialkoxycyclohexanes under Chemical Ionization. Experiment and Theory
J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Transaction 2,1997, 1221 - 1234.


10. D. Faber, M. Noltemeyer, A. de Meijere, R. Boese, T. Haumann, T. Müller, M. Bendikov, E. Matzner, Y. Apeloig
Tris(trimethylsilyl)cyclopropenylium Cation- the first X-ray structure of an a-Silylsubstituted Carbocation
J. Org. Chem.1996, 61, 8564 - 8568.

9. R. West, H. Sohn, J. Calabrese, Y. Apeloig, T. Müller
The Dianion of Tetraphenylgermol is Aromatic
Angew. Chem.1996, 108, 1095 - 1097; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1996, 35, 1002 - 1004.

8. C. Heinemann, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, H. Schwarz
The Stability of Imidazol-2-ylidenes and their Silicon Analogs
J. Am. Chem. Soc.1996, 118, 2023 - 2038.

7. Y. Apeloig, M. Karni, T. Müller
Silylenes and Multiple Bonds to Silicon. Synergism between Theory and Experiment
Organosilicon Chemistry II, Eds. N.Auner, J.Weis, VCH, Weinheim 1996, 263-288.

1995 - 1993

6. R. West, H. Sohn, U. Bankwitz, J. Calabrese, Y. Apeloig, T. Müller
The Dilithium Derivate of Tetraphenylsilole: an η15 Dilithium Structure
J. Am. Chem. Soc.1995, 117, 11608 - 11609.

5. T. Müller, Y. Apeloig
Do Silylenes always Dimerize to Disilenes? Novel Disilenes with Unusual Structures
J. Am. Chem. Soc.1995, 117, 5363 - 5364.

4. J. Frey, I. Eventova, Z. Rappoport, T. Müller, Y. Takai, M. Sawada
17O and 13C NMR Spectra of Stable Simple Enols
J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Transaction 2, 1995, 621 - 637.

3. T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, I. Hemme, U. Klingebiel, M. Noltemeyer
Synthesis, X-Ray and Ab Initio Calculations of Tetrafluorocyclodisilazanes
J. Org. Chem.1995, 494, 133 - 142.

2. T. Müller, H.-U. Siehl, J. Gauss, P. Buzek, P. v. R. Schleyer
Cyclopropylcyclopropylidenemethyl Cation: A Unique Stabilized Vinyl Cation, Characterized by NMR Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemical Ab initio Calculations
J. Am. Chem. Soc.1994, 116, 6384 - 6387.

1. P. v. R. Schleyer, P. Buzek, T. Müller, Y. Apeloig, H.-U. Siehl
The Search for a free Silylium Ion must continue
Angew. Chem.1993, 105, 1558 - 1561; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1993, 32, 1471 - 1473.



(Changed: 2021-09-09)