Multi-Frame Speech Enhancement
Multi-Frame Speech Enhancement
Marvin Tammen, Simon Doclo
Multi-frame algorithms for single-microphone speech enhancement, e.g., the multi-frame minimum variance distortionless response (MFMVDR) filter, are able to exploit speech correlation across adjacent time frames in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain. Provided that accurate estimates of the required speech interframe correlation vector and the noise correlation matrix are available, it has been shown that the MFMVDR filter yields a substantial noise reduction while hardly introducing any speech distortion.
Aiming at merging the speech enhancement potential of the MFMVDR filter and the estimation capability of temporal convolutional networks (TCNs), in this paper we propose to embed the MFMVDR filter within a deep learning framework. The TCNs are trained to map the noisy speech STFT coefficients to the required quantities by minimizing the scale-invariant signal-to-distortion ratio loss function at the MFMVDR filter output. Experimental results show that the proposed deep MFMVDR filter achieves a competitive speech enhancement performance on the Deep Noise Suppression Challenge dataset. In particular, the results show that estimating the parameters of an MFMVDR filter yields a higher performance in terms of PESQ and STOI than directly estimating the multi-frame filter or single-frame masks and than Conv-TasNet.
Dörte Fischer, Simon Doclo
Aiming at exploiting speech correlation across consecutive time-frames in the short-time Fourier transform domain, the multi-frame minimum variance distortionless response (MFMVDR) filter for single-channel speech enhancement has been proposed. The MFMVDR filter requires an accurate estimate of the normalized speech correlation vector in order to avoid speech distortion and artifacts. In this paper we investigate the potential of using robust MVDR filtering techniques to estimate the normalized speech correlation vector as the vector maximizing the total signal output power within a spherical uncertainty set, which corresponds to imposing a quadratic inequality constraint. Whereas the singly-constrained (SC) MFMVDR filter only considers the quadratic inequality constraint to estimate the (non-normalized) speech correlation vector, the doubly-constrained (DC) MFMVDR filter integrates a linear normalization constraint into the optimization problem to directly estimate the normalized speech correlation vector. To set the upper bound of the quadratic inequality constraint for each time-frequency point, we propose to use a trained non-linear mapping function that depends on the a-priori signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Experimental results for different speech signals, noise types and SNRs show that the proposed constrained approaches yield a more accurate estimate of the normalized speech correlation vector than a state-of-the-art maximum-likelihood (ML) estimator. An instrumental and a perceptual evaluation show that both constrained MFMVDR filters lead to less speech and noise distortion but a lower noise reduction than the ML-MFMVDR filter, where the DC-MFMVDR filter is preferred in terms of overall quality compared to the SC-MFMVDR and ML-MFMVDR filters.
Audio samples II