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  1. Adenike Adenaya, Ruben Rios Quintero, Thorsten Brinkhoff, Pablo A. Lara-Martín, Oliver Wurl, Mariana Ribas-Ribas,
    Vertical distribution and risk assessment of pharmaceuticals and other micropollutants in southern North Sea coastal waters, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 200, 2024, 116099, ISSN 0025-326X,


  1. Adenaya, A., Berger, M., Brinkhoff, T., Ribas-Ribas, M. and Wurl, O. 2023. Usage of antibiotics in aquaculture and the impact on coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 188, 114645,
  2. Gassen, L., Badewien, T. H., Ewald, J., Ribas-Ribas, M., & Wurl, O. (2023). Temperature and salinity anomalies in the sea surface microlayer of the South Pacific during precipitation events. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 128, e2023JC019638. 
  3. Goßmann, I., Herzke, D., Held, A. et al. Occurrence and backtracking of microplastic mass loads including tire wear particles in northern Atlantic air. Nat Commun 14, 3707 (2023).
  4. Isabel Goßmann, Karin Mattsson, Martin Hassellöv, Claudio Crazzolara, Andreas Held, Tiera-Brandy Robinson, Oliver Wurl, and Barbara M. Scholz-Böttcher. Unraveling the Marine Microplastic Cycle: The First Simultaneous Data Set for Air, Sea Surface Microlayer, and Underlying Water. Environmental Science & Technology 2023 57 (43), 16541-16551 


  1. Zielinski, O., Pieck, D., Schulz, J., Thölen, C., Wollschläger, J., Albinus, M., Badewien, T. H., Braun, A., Engelen, B., Feenders, C., Fock, S., Lehners, C., Lõhmus, K., Lübben, A., Massmann, G., Meyerjürgens, J., Nicolai, H., Pollmann, T., Schwalfenberg, K., Stone, J., Waska, H., and Winkler, H.: The Spiekeroog Coastal Observatory: A Scientific Infrastructure at the Land-Sea Transition Zone (Southern North Sea), Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 10.3389/fmars.2021.754905, 2022.


  1. Ribas-Ribas, M., C.J. Zappa, and O. Wurl. 2021. Technologies for observing the near sea surface. Pp. 88–89 in Frontiers in Ocean Observing: Documenting Ecosystems, Understanding Environmental Changes, Forecasting Hazards. E.S. Kappel, S.K. Juniper, S. Seeyave, E. Smith, and M. Visbeck, eds, A Supplement to Oceanography 34(4),
  2. Adenaya, A., Haack, M., Stolle, C., Wurl, O., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Effects of Natural and Artificial Surfactants on Diffusive Boundary Dynamics and Oxygen Exchanges across the Air–Water Interface, Oceans, 2, 752-771, 10.3390/oceans2040043, 2021.
  3. Ian R Jenkinson, Elisa Berdalet, Wei-Chun Chin, Michel Denis, Haibing Ding, Jizhou Duan, Florence Elias, Igor Emri, Santosh K Karn, Zhuo Li, Alenka Malej, Xavier Mari, Laurent Seuront, Jun Sun, Tim Wyatt, Wuchang Zhang, Oliver Wurl, The rôles of plankton and neuston microbial organic matter in climate regulation, Journal of Plankton Research, Volume 43, Issue 6, November/December 2021, Pages 801–821,
  4. Rahlff, J., Khodami, S., Voskuhl, L., Humphreys, M. P., Stolle, C., Martínez Arbizu, P., Wurl, O., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Short-term responses to ocean acidification: effects on relative abundance of eukaryotic plankton from the tropical Timor Sea, Marine Ecology Progess Series, DOI: 10.3354/meps13561, 2020.
  5. Van Dam, B., Lopes, C., Zeller, M. A., Ribas-Ribas, M., Wang, H. and Thomas, H. 2021. Overstated Potential for Seagrass Meadows to Mitigate Coastal Ocean Acidification. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 729992,


  1. Stolle, C., Ribas-Ribas, M., Badewien, T. H., Barnes, J., Carpenter, L. J., Chance, R., Damgaard, L. R., Quesada, A. M. D., Engel, A., Frka, S., Galgani, L., Gašparović, B., Gerriets, M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Herrmann, H., Kallajoki, L., Pereira, R., Radach, F., Revsbech, N. P., Rickard, P., Saint, A., Salter, M., Striebel, M., Triesch, N., Uher, G., Upstill-Goddard, R. C., Pinxteren, M. v., Zäncker, B., Zieger, P., and Wurl, O.: The MILAN Campaign: Studying Diel Light Effects on the Air–Sea Interface, B Am Meteorol Soc, 101, E146-E166, 10.1175/bams-d-17-0329.1, 2020.
  2. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., Banko-Kubis, H. M., and Wurl, O.: Global reduction of in situ CO2 transfer velocity by natural surfactants in the sea-surface microlayer, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 476, 20190763, doi:10.1098/rspa.2019.0763, 2020.
  3. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Kallajoki, L., Hillebrand, H., Wurl, O., and Striebel, M.: Sea surface phytoplankton community response to nutrient and light changes, Mar. Biol., 167, 123, 10.1007/s00227-020-03738-2, 2020.
  4. Rahlff, J., Giebel, H.-A., Stolle, C., Wurl, O., Probst, A. J., and Herlemann, D. P. R.: Overlooked Diversity of Ultramicrobacterial Minorities at the Air-Sea Interface, Atmosphere, 11, 1214, DOI: 10.3390/atmos11111214 2020.


  1. Rahlff, J.; Stolle, C.; Giebel, H.-A.; Ribas-Ribas, M.; Damgaard, L.R.; Wurl, O. Oxygen profiles across the sea-surface microlayer - effects of diffusion and biological activity. Front. Mar. Sci., doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00011, 2019.
  2. Rickard, P. C., Uher, G., Upstill-Goddard, R. C., Frka, S., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Banko-Kubis, H. M., Cvitešić Kušan, A., Gašparović, B., Stolle, C., Wurl, O., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Reconsideration of seawater surfactant activity analysis based on an inter-laboratory comparison study, Mar. Chem., 208, 103-111,, 2019.
  3. Wurl, O., Landing, W. M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., Witte, C. R., and Zappa, C. J.: The Ocean’s Skin Layer in the Tropics, J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, 124,, 10.1029/2018JC014021, 2019.
  4. Banko-Kubis, H. M., Wurl, O., Mustaffa, N. I. H., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Gas Transfer Velocities in Norwegian Fjords and the Adjacent North Atlantic Waters, Oceanologia, 61,, 2019.
  5. Ribas-Ribas, M., Battaglia, G., Humphrey, M. P., and Wurl, O.: Impact of nonzero intercept gas transfer velocity parameterizations on global and regional ocean–atmosphere CO2 fluxers, Geosciences, 9,, 2019.
  6. Stramski, D., Reynolds, R. A., Gernez, P., Röttgers, R., and Wurl, O.: Inherent optical properties and particle characteristics of the sea-surface microlayer, Prog. Oceanogr., 176, 102117, DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2019.05.009, 2019.


  1. Miranda, M. L., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Robinson, T. B., Stolle, C., Ribas-Ribas, M., Wurl, O., and Zielinski, O.: Influence of solar radiation on biogeochemical parameters and fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the sea surface microlayer of the southern coastal North Sea, Elem Sci Anth, 6 (1): 15., 2018.
  2. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Badewien, T. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., and Wurl, O.: High-resolution observations on enrichment processes in the sea-surface microlayer, Sci. Rep.-UK, 8, 13122, 10.1038/s41598-018-31465-8, 2018.
  3. Rahlff, J., Ribas-Ribas, M., Brown, S. M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Renz, J., Peck, M. A., Bird, K., Cunliffe, M., Melkonian, K., and Zappa, C. J.: Blue pigmentation of neustonic copepods benefits exploitation of a prey-rich niche at the air-sea boundary, Sci. Rep.-UK, 8, 11510, 10.1038/s41598-018-29869-7, 2018.
  4. Ribas-Ribas, M., Helleis, F., Rahlff, J., and Wurl, O.: Air-Sea CO2-Exchange in a Large Annular Wind-Wave Tank and the Effects of Surfactants, Front. Mar. Sci., 5, 457, doi: 410.3389/fmars.2018.00457, 2018a.
  5. Ribas-Ribas, M., Kilcher, L. F., and Wurl, O.: Sniffle: a step forward to measure in situ CO2 fluxes with the floating chamber technique, Elem Sci Anth, 6 (1): 14,, 2018b.
  6. Rérolle, V. M. C., Achterberg, E. R., Ribas-Ribas, M., Kitidis, V., Brown, I., Bakker, D. C. E., Lee, G. A. and Mowlem, M. C. 2018. High Resolution pH Measurements Using a Lab-on-Chip Sensor in Surface Waters of Northwest European Shelf Seas. Sensors, 18, 2622,
  7. Wurl, O., Bird, K., Cunliffe, M., Landing, W. M., Miller, U., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas‐Ribas, M., Witte, C., and Zappa, C. J.: Warming and Inhibition of Salinization at the Ocean's Surface by Cyanobacteria, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 45,, 2018.


  1. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., and Wurl, O.: High-resolution variability of the enrichment of fluorescence dissolved organic matter in the sea surface microlayer of an upwelling region, Elem Sci Anth, 5: 52,, 2017a.
  2. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Striebel, M., and Wurl, O.: Extracellular carbonic anhydrase: Method development and its application to natural seawater, Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods, 15, 503-517, 10.1002/lom3.10182, 2017b.
  3. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Striebel, M., and Wurl, O.: Enrichment of Extracellular Carbonic Anhydrase in the Sea Surface Microlayer and Its Effect on Air‐Sea CO2 Exchange, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 12,324-312,330, doi:10.1002/2017GL075797, 2017c.
  4. Rahlff, J., Stolle, C., Giebel, H.-A., Brinkhoff, T., Ribas-Ribas, M., Hodapp, D., and Wurl, O.: High wind speeds prevent formation of a distinct bacterioneuston community in the sea-surface microlayer, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 93, fix041, 10.1093/femsec/fix041, 2017a.

  5. Rahlff, J., Stolle, C., and Wurl, O.: SISI: A New Device for In Situ Incubations at the Ocean Surface, J. Mar. Sci. Eng., 5, 46, 2017b.

  6. Ribas-Ribas, M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Rahlff, J., Stolle, C., and Wurl, O.: Sea Surface Scanner (S3): A Catamaran for High-resolution Measurements of Biogeochemical Properties of the Sea Surface Microlayer, J Atmos Ocean Tech, 34, 1433-1448, 10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0017.1, 2017.
  7. Ribas-Ribas, M., Cripps, G. L., Townend, M., Poulton, A. J., and Tyrrell, T. 2017. Spatial patterns of phytoplankton composition and upper-ocean biogeochemistry do not follow carbonate chemistry gradients in north-west European Shelf seas. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 74: 4, 965-977,
  8. Wurl, O., Ekau, W., Landing, W. M., and Zappa, C. J.: Sea surface microlayer in a changing ocean–A perspective, Elem Sci Anth, 5, 31, doi:, 2017.


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