1. Stolle, C., Ribas-Ribas, M., Badewien, T. H., Barnes, J., Carpenter, L. J., Chance, R., Damgaard, L. R., Quesada, A. M. D., Engel, A., Frka, S., Galgani, L., Gašparović, B., Gerriets, M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Herrmann, H., Kallajoki, L., Pereira, R., Radach, F., Revsbech, N. P., Rickard, P., Saint, A., Salter, M., Striebel, M., Triesch, N., Uher, G., Upstill-Goddard, R. C., Pinxteren, M. v., Zäncker, B., Zieger, P., and Wurl, O.: The MILAN Campaign: Studying Diel Light Effects on the Air–Sea Interface, B Am Meteorol Soc, 101, E146-E166, 10.1175/bams-d-17-0329.1, 2020.
  2. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., Banko-Kubis, H. M., and Wurl, O.: Global reduction of in situ CO2 transfer velocity by natural surfactants in the sea-surface microlayer, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 476, 20190763, doi:10.1098/rspa.2019.0763, 2020.
  3. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Kallajoki, L., Hillebrand, H., Wurl, O., and Striebel, M.: Sea surface phytoplankton community response to nutrient and light changes, Mar. Biol., 167, 123, 10.1007/s00227-020-03738-2, 2020.
  4. Rahlff, J., Khodami, S., Voskuhl, L., Humphreys, M. P., Stolle, C., Martínez Arbizu, P., Wurl, O., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Short-term responses to ocean acidification: effects on relative abundance of eukaryotic plankton from the tropical Timor Sea, Marine Ecology Progess Series, DOI:, 2020.
  5. Rahlff, J., Giebel, H.-A., Stolle, C., Wurl, O., Probst, A. J., and Herlemann, D. P. R.: Overlooked Diversity of Ultramicrobacterial Minorities at the Air-Sea Interface, Atmosphere, 11, 1214, 2020.


  1. Rahlff, J.; Stolle, C.; Giebel, H.-A.; Ribas-Ribas, M.; Damgaard, L.R.; Wurl, O. Oxygen profiles across the sea-surface microlayer - effects of diffusion and biological activity. Front. Mar. Sci., doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00011, 2019.
  2. Rickard, P. C., Uher, G., Upstill-Goddard, R. C., Frka, S., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Banko-Kubis, H. M., Cvitešić Kušan, A., Gašparović, B., Stolle, C., Wurl, O., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Reconsideration of seawater surfactant activity analysis based on an inter-laboratory comparison study, Mar. Chem., 208, 103-111,, 2019.
  3. Wurl, O., Landing, W. M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., Witte, C. R., and Zappa, C. J.: The Ocean’s Skin Layer in the Tropics, J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, 124,, 10.1029/2018JC014021, 2019.
  4. Banko-Kubis, H. M., Wurl, O., Mustaffa, N. I. H., and Ribas-Ribas, M.: Gas Transfer Velocities in Norwegian Fjords and the Adjacent North Atlantic Waters, Oceanologia, 61,, 2019.
  5. Ribas-Ribas, M., Battaglia, G., Humphrey, M. P., and Wurl, O.: Impact of nonzero intercept gas transfer velocity parameterizations on global and regional ocean–atmosphere CO2 fluxers, Geosciences, 9,, 2019.
  6. Stramski, D., Reynolds, R. A., Gernez, P., Röttgers, R., and Wurl, O.: Inherent optical properties and particle characteristics of the sea-surface microlayer, Prog. Oceanogr., 176, 102117,, 2019.


  1. Miranda, M. L., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Robinson, T. B., Stolle, C., Ribas-Ribas, M., Wurl, O., and Zielinski, O.: Influence of solar radiation on biogeochemical parameters and fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the sea surface microlayer of the southern coastal North Sea, Elem Sci Anth, 6 (1): 15., 2018.
  2. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Badewien, T. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., and Wurl, O.: High-resolution observations on enrichment processes in the sea-surface microlayer, Sci. Rep.-UK, 8, 13122, 10.1038/s41598-018-31465-8, 2018.
  3. Rahlff, J., Ribas-Ribas, M., Brown, S. M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Renz, J., Peck, M. A., Bird, K., Cunliffe, M., Melkonian, K., and Zappa, C. J.: Blue pigmentation of neustonic copepods benefits exploitation of a prey-rich niche at the air-sea boundary, Sci. Rep.-UK, 8, 11510, 10.1038/s41598-018-29869-7, 2018.
  4. Ribas-Ribas, M., Helleis, F., Rahlff, J., and Wurl, O.: Air-Sea CO2-Exchange in a Large Annular Wind-Wave Tank and the Effects of Surfactants, Front. Mar. Sci., 5, 457, doi: 410.3389/fmars.2018.00457, 2018a.
  5. Ribas-Ribas, M., Kilcher, L. F., and Wurl, O.: Sniffle: a step forward to measure in situ CO2 fluxes with the floating chamber technique, Elem Sci Anth, 6 (1): 14,, 2018b.
  6. Wurl, O., Bird, K., Cunliffe, M., Landing, W. M., Miller, U., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas‐Ribas, M., Witte, C., and Zappa, C. J.: Warming and Inhibition of Salinization at the Ocean's Surface by Cyanobacteria, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 45,, 2018.


  1. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Ribas-Ribas, M., and Wurl, O.: High-resolution variability of the enrichment of fluorescence dissolved organic matter in the sea surface microlayer of an upwelling region, Elem Sci Anth, 5: 52,, 2017a.
  2. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Striebel, M., and Wurl, O.: Extracellular carbonic anhydrase: Method development and its application to natural seawater, Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods, 15, 503-517, 10.1002/lom3.10182, 2017b.
  3. Mustaffa, N. I. H., Striebel, M., and Wurl, O.: Enrichment of Extracellular Carbonic Anhydrase in the Sea Surface Microlayer and Its Effect on Air‐Sea CO2 Exchange, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 12,324-312,330, doi:10.1002/2017GL075797, 2017c.
  4. Rahlff, J., Stolle, C., Giebel, H.-A., Brinkhoff, T., Ribas-Ribas, M., Hodapp, D., and Wurl, O.: High wind speeds prevent formation of a distinct bacterioneuston community in the sea-surface microlayer, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 93, fix041, 10.1093/femsec/fix041, 2017a.

  5. Rahlff, J., Stolle, C., and Wurl, O.: SISI: A New Device for In Situ Incubations at the Ocean Surface, J. Mar. Sci. Eng., 5, 46, 2017b.

  6. Ribas-Ribas, M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Rahlff, J., Stolle, C., and Wurl, O.: Sea Surface Scanner (S3): A Catamaran for High-resolution Measurements of Biogeochemical Properties of the Sea Surface Microlayer, J Atmos Ocean Tech, 34, 1433-1448, 10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0017.1, 2017.
  7. Wurl, O., Ekau, W., Landing, W. M., and Zappa, C. J.: Sea surface microlayer in a changing ocean–A perspective, Elem Sci Anth, 5, 31, doi:, 2017.
(Stand: 22.12.2020)