Prof. Dr. Christoph Böhringer

Campus Haarentor Gebäude A5
Raum A5 0-020



nach Vereinbarung


Catharina Schramm

Campus Haarentor Gebäude A5
Raum A5 0-014




seit 2007

Professor für Wirtschaftspolitik an der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.


Ordentlicher Professor für Volkswirtschaftlehre (C4) an der Universität Heidelberg.


Leiter des Forschungsbereichs „Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomie, Umweltmanagement“ des Zentrums für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW), Mannheim.


Leiter der Fachgruppe „Energiewirtschaftliche Analysen“ am IER.


Promotion zum Dr. rer. pol. an der Universität Stuttgart.


Wissenschaftlicher Angestellter am Institut für Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung (IER) der Universität Stuttgart.


Studium des Wirtschaftsingenieurwesens an der Technischen Universität Karlsruhe.

Prof. Dr. Christoph Böhringer

Aktuelle Diskussionspapiere

Böhringer, C., Rosendahl, K. E. & Storrøsten, H. B. (2024). Measures against Carbon Leakage – Combining Output-Based Allocation with Consumption Taxes. CESifo, No. 11102.

Böhringer, C., Helm, C., & Schürer, L. (2023). How to Boost Countries’ Climate Ambitions: Turning Gains from Emissions Trading into Gains for Climate. CESifo, No. 10624.

Böhringer, C. & Helm, C. (2023). The Reverse Waterbed Effect of Sector Coupling - Unilateral Climate Policies and Multilateral Emissions Trading. CESifo, No. 10362.

Veröffentlichungen in Fachzeitschriften

Böhringer, C., Fischer, C., & Rivers, N. (2023). Intensity-Based Rebating of Emission Pricing Revenues. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 10(4), 1059–1089. https://doi.org/10.1086/723645

Böhringer, C., & Fischer, C. (2023). Tax, kill or bill: An analysis of unilateral CO2 price floor options in multilateral emissions trading systems. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 119, 102816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2023.102816

Nagel, N. O., Böhringer, C., Rosendahl, K. E., & Bolkesjø, T. F. (2023). Impacts of green deal policies on the Nordic power market. Utilities Policy, 80, 101475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2022.101475

Bang, G., Rosendahl, K. E., & Böhringer, C. (2022). Balancing cost and justice concerns in the energy transition: Comparing coal phase-out policies in Germany and the UK. Climate Policy, 22(8), 1000–1015. https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2022.2052788

Böhringer, C., Fischer, C., Rosendahl, K. E., & Rutherford, T. F. (2022). Potential impacts and challenges of border carbon adjustments. Nature Climate Change, 12, 22–29. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-021-01250-z

Böhringer, C., García-Muros, X., & González-Eguino, M. (2022). Who bears the burden of greening electricity? Energy Economics, 105, 105705. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2021.105705

Böhringer, C., Peterson, S., & Weyant, J. P. (2022). Introduction to the Special Issue “EMF 36: Carbon pricing after Paris (CarPri)”. Energy Economics, 112, 106139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2022.106139

Böhringer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2022). Europe beyond coal – An economic and climate impact assessment. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 113, 102658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2022.102658

Akɪn-Olçum, G., Böhringer, C., Rutherford, T., & Schreiber, A. (2021). Economic and environmental impacts of a proposed ‘Carbon adder’ on New York’s energy market. Climate Policy, 21(6), 823–842. https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2021.1891018

Böhringer, C., Peterson, S., Rutherford, T. F., Schneider, J., & Winkler, M. (2021). Climate policies after Paris: Pledge, Trade and Recycle: Insights from the 36th Energy Modeling Forum Study (EMF36). Energy Economics, 103, 105471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2021.105471

Böhringer, C., & Rivers, N. (2021). The energy efficiency rebound effect in general equilibrium. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 109, 102508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2021.102508

Böhringer, C., Rosendahl, K. E., & Storrøsten, H. (2021). Smart hedging against carbon leakage. Economic Policy, 36(107), 439–484. https://doi.org/10.1093/epolic/eiab004

Böhringer, C., Rutherford, T. F., & Schneider, J. (2021). The incidence of CO2 emissions pricing under alternative international market responses: A computable general equilibrium analysis for Germany. Energy Economics, 101, 105404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2021.105404

Böhringer, C., Schneider, J., & Asane-Otoo, E. (2021). Trade in Carbon and Carbon Tariffs. Environmental and Resource Economics, 78, 669–708. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-021-00548-y

Böhringer, C., Schneider, J., & Springmann, M. (2021). Economic and environmental impacts of raising revenues for climate finance from public sources. Climate Policy, 21(4), 546–562. https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2020.1842719

Böhringer, C., Cantner, U., Costard, J., Kramkowski, L.-V., Gatzen, C., & Pietsch, S. (2020). Innovation for the German energy transition—Insights from an expert survey. Energy Policy, 144, 111611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111611

Landis, F., Rausch, S., Kosch, M., & Böhringer, C. (2019). Efficient and Equitable Policy Design: Taxing Energy Use or Promoting Energy Savings? The Energy Journal, 40(1), 73–104. https://doi.org/10.5547/01956574.40.1.flan

Böhringer, C., Garcia-Muros, X., & González-Eguino, M. (2019). Greener and Fairer: A Progressive Environmental Tax Reform for Spain. Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, 8(2), 141–160. https://doi.org/10.5547/2160-5890.8.2.cboh

Böhringer, C., Rosendahl, K. E., & Schneider, J. (2018). Unilateral Emission Pricing and OPEC’s Behaviour. Strategic Behavior and the Environment, 7(3–4), 225–280. https://doi.org/10.1561/102.00000077

Böhringer, C., Carbone, J. C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2018). Embodied Carbon Tariffs. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 120(1), 183–210. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjoe.12211

Balistreri, E. J., Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2018). Carbon policy and the structure of global trade. The World Economy, 41(1), 194–221. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12535

Böhringer, C., Landis, F., & Tovar Reaños, M. A. (2017). Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Production in Germany. The Energy Journal, 38(01), 189–209. https://doi.org/10.5547/01956574.38.SI1.cboh

Böhringer, C., Bye, B., Fæhn, T., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2017). Targeted carbon tariffs: Export response, leakage and welfare. Resource and Energy Economics, 50, 51–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2017.06.003

Böhringer, C., Rosendahl, K. E., & Storrøsten, H. B. (2017). Robust policies to mitigate carbon leakage. Journal of Public Economics, 149, 35–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2017.03.006

Böhringer, C., Garcia-Muros, X., Cazcarro, I., & Arto, I. (2017). The efficiency cost of protective measures in climate policy. Energy Policy, 104, 446–454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2017.01.007

Böhringer, C., Cuntz, A., Harhoff, D., & Asane-Otoo, E. (2017). The impact of the German feed-in tariff scheme on innovation: Evidence based on patent filings in renewable energy technologies. Energy Economics, 67, 545–553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2017.09.001

Böhringer, C., Bye, B., Fæhn, T., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2017). Output‐based rebating of carbon taxes in a neighbour’s backyard: Competitiveness, leakage and welfare. Canadian Journal of Economics, 50(2), 426–455. https://doi.org/10.1111/caje.12264

Böhringer, C., Garcia-Muros, X., Gonzalez-Eguino, M., & Rey, L. (2017). US climate policy: A critical assessment of intensity standards. Energy Economics, 68, 125–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2017.10.021

Böhringer, C., Keller, A., Bortolamedi, M., & Rahmeier Seyffarth, A. (2016). Good things do not always come in threes: On the excess cost of overlapping regulation in EU climate policy. Energy Policy, 94, 502–508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2015.12.034

Böhringer, C., Rivers, N., & Yonezawa, H. (2016). Vertical fiscal externalities and the environment. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 77, 51–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2016.01.002

Böhringer, C., Carbone, J. C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2016). The Strategic Value of Carbon Tariffs. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 8(1), 28–51. https://doi.org/10.1257/pol.20130327  

Anger, N., Asane-Otoo, E., Böhringer, C., & Oberndorfer, U. (2016). Public interest versus interest groups: A political economy analysis of allowance allocation under the EU emissions trading scheme. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 16(5), 621–638. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10784-015-9285-6

Böhringer, C., & Bortolamedi, M. (2015). Sense and no(n)-sense of energy security indicators. Ecological Economics, 119, 359–371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.09.020

Böhringer, C., Rutherford, T. F., & Springmann, M. (2015). Clean-Development Investments: An Incentive-Compatible CGE Modelling Framework. Environmental and Resource Economics, 60(4), 633–651. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-014-9762-3

Anger, N., Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2015). The political economy of energy tax differentiation across industries: Theory and empirical evidence. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 47(1), 78–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11149-014-9264-9

Böhringer, C., & Behrens, M. (2015). Interactions of emission caps and renewable electricity support schemes. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 48(1), 74–96. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11149-015-9279-x

Böhringer, C., Rutherford, T. F., Tarr, D. G., & Turdyeva, N. (2015). Market Structure and the Environmental Implications of Trade Liberalization: Russia’s Accession to the World Trade Organization. Review of International Economics, 23(5), 897–923. https://doi.org/10.1111/roie.12197

Böhringer, C., Müller, A., & Schneider, J. (2015). Carbon Tariffs Revisited. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2(4), 629–672. https://doi.org/10.1086/683607

Böhringer, C., Rivers, N., Rutherford, T., & Wigle, R. (2015). Sharing the burden for climate change mitigation in the Canadian federation. Canadian Journal of Economics, 48(4), 1350–1380. https://doi.org/10.1111/caje.12152

Böhringer, C., & Müller, A. (2014). Environmental tax reforms in Switzerland a computable general Equilibrium impact analysis. Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, 150(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03399400

Böhringer, C., Rosendahl, K. E., & Schneider, J. (2014). Unilateral Climate Policy: Can OPEC Resolve the Leakage Problem? The Energy Journal, 35(4), 79–100. https://doi.org/10.5547/01956574.35.4.4

Böhringer, C., Lange, A., & Rutherford, T. F. (2014). Optimal emission pricing in the presence of international spillovers: Decomposing leakage and terms-of-trade motives. Journal of Public Economics, 110, 101–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2013.11.011

Böhringer, C., Dijkstra, B., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2014). Sectoral and regional expansion of emissions trading. Resource and Energy Economics, 37, 201–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2013.12.003

Böhringer, C. (2014). Two Decades of European Climate Policy: A Critical Appraisal. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 8(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1093/reep/ret018

Böhringer, C., Fischer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2014). Cost-effective unilateral climate policy design: Size matters. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 67(3), 318–339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2013.12.008

Böhringer, C., Keller, A., & van der Werf, E. (2013). Are green hopes too rosy? Employment and welfare impacts of renewable energy promotion. Energy Economics, 36, 277–285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2012.08.029

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2013). Transition towards a low carbon economy: A computable general equilibrium analysis for Poland. Energy Policy, 55, 16–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.11.056

Böhringer, C., & Alexeeva-Talebi, V. (2013). Unilateral Climate Policy and Competitiveness: Economic Implications of Differential Emission Pricing. The World Economy, 36(2), 121–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2012.01470.x

Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2012). Der europäische Emissionszertifikatehandel: Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven. Wirtschaftsdienst, 92(1), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10273-012-1344-9

Böhringer, C., Carbone, J. C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2012). Unilateral climate policy design: Efficiency and equity implications of alternative instruments to reduce carbon leakage. Energy Economics, 34, S208–S217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2012.09.011

Böhringer, C., Bye, B., Fæhn, T., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2012). Alternative designs for tariffs on embodied carbon: A global cost-effectiveness analysis. Energy Economics, 34, S143–S153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2012.08.020

Alexeeva-Talebi, V., Böhringer, C., Löschel, A., & Voigt, S. (2012). The value-added of sectoral disaggregation: Implications on competitive consequences of climate change policies. Energy Economics, 34, S127–S142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2012.10.001

Böhringer, C., Balistreri, E. J., & Rutherford, T. F. (2012). The role of border carbon adjustment in unilateral climate policy: Overview of an Energy Modeling Forum study (EMF 29). Energy Economics, 34, S97–S110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2012.10.003

Böhringer, C., Rivers, N. J., Rutherford, T. F., & Wigle, R. (2012). Green Jobs and Renewable Electricity Policies: Employment Impacts of Ontario’s Feed-in Tariff. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1515/1935-1682.3217

Böhringer, C., Moslener, U., Oberndorfer, U., & Ziegler, A. (2012). Clean and productive? Empirical evidence from the German manufacturing industry. Research Policy, 41(2), 442–451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.10.004

Böhringer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2011). Greening Electricity More Than Necessary: On the Cost Implications of Overlapping Regulation in EU Climate Policy. Schmollers Jahrbuch, 131(3), 469–492. https://doi.org/10.3790/schm.131.3.469

Böhringer, C. (2010). 1990 bis 2010: Eine Bestandsaufnahme von zwei Jahrzehnten europäischer Klimapolitik: Eine Bestandsaufnahme von zwei Jahrzehnten europäischer Klimapolitik. Perspektiven Der Wirtschaftspolitik, 11, 56–74. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2516.2010.00328.x

Böhringer, C., Fischer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2010). The Global Effects of Subglobal Climate Policies. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.2202/1935-1682.2583

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2010). The Costs of Compliance: A CGE Assessment of Canada’s Policy Options under the Kyoto Protocol. World Economy, 33(2), 177–211. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2009.01229.x

Böhringer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2010). Green promotes the dirtiest: On the interaction between black and green quotas in energy markets. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 37(3), 316–325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11149-010-9116-1

Anger, N., Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (2010). Paying the piper and calling the tune?: A meta-regression analysis of the double-dividend hypothesis. Ecological Economics, 69(7), 1495–1502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.02.003

Boeters, S., Böhringer, C., Büttner, T., & Kraus, M. (2010). Economic effects of VAT reforms in Germany. Applied Economics, 42(17), 2165–2182. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840701857952

Böhringer, C., Mennel, T. P., & Rutherford, T. F. (2009). Technological change and uncertainty in environmental economics. Energy Economics, 31, S1–S3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2009.05.006

Böhringer, C., Rutherford, T. F., & Tol, R. S. J. (2009). THE EU 20/20/2020 targets: An overview of the EMF22 assessment. Energy Economics, 31, S268–S273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2009.10.010

Böhringer, C., Löschel, A., Moslener, U., & Rutherford, T. F. (2009). EU climate policy up to 2020: An economic impact assessment. Energy Economics, 31, S295–S305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2009.09.009

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2009). Integrated assessment of energy policies: Decomposing top-down and bottom-up. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 33(9), 1648–1661. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jedc.2008.12.007

Böhringer, C., & Rosendahl, K. E. (2009). Strategic partitioning of emission allowances under the EU Emission Trading Scheme. Resource and Energy Economics, 31(3), 182–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2009.04.001

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (2008). Climate Policy-induced Investments in Developing Countries: The Implications of Investment Risks. The World Economy, 31(3), 367–392. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9701.2007.01075.x

Böhringer, C. (2008). Europäische Klimapolitik: Zwischen Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, 32(4), 235–240. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12398-008-0030-5

Böhringer, C., Löschel, A., & Welsch, H. (2008). Environmental Taxation and Induced Structural Change in an Open Economy: The Role of Market Structure. German Economic Review, 9(1), 17–40. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0475.2008.00421.x

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2008). Combining bottom-up and top-down. Energy Economics, 30(2), 574–596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2007.03.004

Böhringer, C., & Helm, C. (2008). On the fair division of greenhouse gas abatement cost. Resource and Energy Economics, 30(2), 260–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2007.08.004

Böhringer, C., Koschel, H., & Moslener, U. (2008). Efficiency losses from overlapping regulation of EU carbon emissions. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 33(3), 299–317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11149-007-9054-8

Böhringer, C., Hoffmann, T., & Rutherford, T. F. (2007). Alternative Strategies for Promoting Renewable Energy in EU Electricity Markets. Applied Economics Quarterly, 58, 9–26.

Böhringer, C., Klaassen, G., & Moslener, U. (2007). Technology transfer and investment risk in international emissions trading. Climate Policy, 7(6), 467–469. https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2007.9685670

Böhringer, C., & Jochem, P. E. P. (2007). Measuring the immeasurable - A survey of sustainability indices. Ecological Economics, 63(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.03.008

Böhringer, C., Löschel, A., & Rutherford, T. F. (2007). Decomposing the integrated assessment of climate change. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 31(2), 683–702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jedc.2006.01.007 

Anger, N., Böhringer, C., & Moslener, U. (2007). Macroeconomic impacts of the CDM: the role of investment barriers and regulations. Climate Policy, 7(6), 500–517. https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2007.9685673

Böhringer, C., Moslener, U., & Sturm, B. (2007). Hot air for sale: a quantitative assessment of Russia’s near-term climate policy options. Environmental and Resource Economics, 38(4), 545–572. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-007-9089-4

Böhringer, C. (2006). Kurzfristige Auswirkungen des EU-Emissionshandels auf Strompreise und Energieträgereinsatz in Europa. Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, 30(4), 293–298.

Böhringer, C., Löschel, A., & Rutherford, T. F. (2006). Efficiency Gains from “What”-Flexibility in Climate Policy An Integrated CGE Assessment. The Energy Journal, 27, 405–424. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23297093

Böhringer, C., Hoffmann, T., & Manrique-de-Lara-Peñate, C. (2006). The efficiency costs of separating carbon markets under the EU emissions trading scheme: A quantitative assessment for Germany. Energy Economics, 28(1), 44–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2005.09.001

Böhringer, C. & Löschel, A. (2006). Promoting Renewable Energy in Europe: A Hybrid Computable General Equilibrium Approach. The Energy Journal, 27, 135–150. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23297049

Böhringer, C., & Welsch, H. (2006). Burden sharing in a greenhouse: egalitarianism and sovereignty reconciled. Applied Economics, 38(9), 981–996. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840500399453

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (2006). Computable general equilibrium models for sustainability impact assessment: Status quo and prospects. Ecological Economics, 60(1), 49–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.03.006

Böhringer, C., Koschel, H. & Moslener, U. (2005). Emissionshandel, Ökosteuer und Förderung erneuerbarer Energien: Ökonomische Überlegungen zum Zusammenwirken dreier Instrumente in der Praxis. Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, 29(1), 39–46.

Böhringer, C., Lange, A., & Moslener, U. (2005). Der EU-Emissionshandel im Zielkonflikt zwischen Effizienz, Kompensation und Wettbewerbsneutralitat. Perspektiven Der Wirtschaftspolitik, 6(3), 309–323. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-6493.2004.00182.x 

Böhringer, C., Boeters, S., & Feil, M. (2005). Taxation and unemployment: An applied general equilibrium approach. Economic Modelling, 22(1), 81–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2004.05.002

Böhringer, C., Hoffmann, T., Lange, A. Löschel, A. & Moslener, U. (2005). Assessing Emission Regulation in Europe: An Interactive Simulation Approach. The Energy Journal, 26(4), 1–21. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41323070

Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2005). On the design of optimal grandfathering schemes for emission allowances. European Economic Review, 49(8), 2041–2055. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2004.06.006

Böhringer, C., & Loschel, A. (2005). Climate Policy Beyond Kyoto: Quo Vadis? A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis Based on Expert Judgments. Kyklos, 58(4), 467–493. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0023-5962.2005.00298.x 

Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2005). Mission Impossible !? On the Harmonization of National Allocation Plans under the EU Emissions Trading Directive. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 27(1), 81–94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11149-004-4420-2

Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2005). Economic Implications of Alternative Allocation Schemes for Emission Allowances. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 107(3), 563–581. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9442.2005.00423.x

Böhringer, C. (2004). Sustainability impact assessment: The use of computable general equilibrium models. Économie Internationale, 99, 9–26. https://doi.org/10.3917/ecoi.099.0009

Böhringer, C., & Welsch, H. (2004). Contraction and Convergence of carbon emissions: an intertemporal multi-region CGE analysis. Journal of Policy Modeling, 26(1), 21–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpolmod.2003.11.004

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2004). Who Should Pay How Much? Computational Economics, 23(1), 71–103. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CSEM.0000007187.30194.2e

Böhringer, C., & Vogt, C. (2004). The dismantling of a breakthrough: The Kyoto Protocol as symbolic policy. European Journal of Political Economy, 20(3), 597–617. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2004.02.004 

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (2004). Die Messung nachhaltiger Entwicklung mithilfe numerischer Gleichgewichtsmodelle. Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung, 73(1), 31–52. https://doi.org/10.3790/vjh.73.1.31

Böhringer, C. & Löschel, A. (2003). Internationaler Emissionshandel nach In-Kraft-Treten des Kyoto-Protokolls: Wichtige Rahmengröße für die nationale Klimaschutzpolitik. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy (ZfU), 2, 129–144.

Böhringer, C., Müller, A., & Wickart, M. (2003). Economic Impacts of a Premature Nuclear Phase-Out in Switzerland: An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis. Swiss Journal of Economic and Statistics, 139(4), 461–505.

Böhringer, C., Wiegard, W., Starkweather, C., & Ruocco, A. (2003). Green Tax Reforms and Computational Economics A Do-it-yourself Approach. Computational Economics, 22(1), 75–109. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024569426143

Böhringer, C., Conrad, K., & Löschel, A. (2003). Carbon Taxes and Joint Implementation. An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis for Germany and India. Environmental and Resource Economics, 24(1), 49–76. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022849730905

Böhringer, C., & Schwager, R. (2003). Die Ökologische Steuerreform in Deutschland - ein umweltpolitisches Feigenblatt. Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, 4(2), 211–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2516.t01-2-00004

Böhringer, C. (2003). The Kyoto Protocol: A Review and Perspectives. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 19(3), 451–466. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/19.3.451

Böhringer, C., & Vogt, C. (2003). Economic and environmental impacts of the Kyoto Protocol. Canadian Journal of Economics, 36(2), 475–496. https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-5982.t01-1-00010

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (2003). Market power and hot air in international emissions trading: the impacts of US withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol. Applied Economics, 35(6), 651–663. https://doi.org/10.1080/0003684021000035818

Böhringer, C., & Vogt, C. (2003). Düstere Perspektiven für den Klimaschutz. Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, 4(1), 85–106. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2516.t01-1-00007

Böhringer, C. (2002). Climate Politics from Kyoto to Bonn: From Little to Nothing? The Energy Journal, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol23-No2-2

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2002). Carbon Abatement and International Spillovers. Environmental and Resource Economics, 22(3), 391–417. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016032424760

Böhringer, C. (2002). Industry-level emission trading between power producers in the EU. Applied Economics, 34(4), 523–533. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840110052163

Böhringer, C., Hoffmann, T., & Vögele, S. (2002). The cost of phasing out nuclear power: a quantitative assessment of alternative scenarios for Germany. Energy Economics, 24(5), 469–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-9883(02)00005-1

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (2002). Assessing the costs of compliance: the Kyoto Protocol. European Environment, 12(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1002/eet.279

Böhringer, C., Ruocco, A., & Wiegard, W. (2001). Energiesteuern und Beschäftigung - Ein Simulationsmodell zum Selberrechnen - Teil 2. WISU - Das Wirtschaftsstudium, 30(4), 117–123.

Böhringer, C., Ruocco, A., & Wiegard, W. (2001). Energiesteuern und Beschäftigung - Ein Simulationsmodell zum Selberrechnen - Teil 1. WISU - Das Wirtschaftsstudium, 30(1), 596–612.

Böhringer, C. & Vogt, C. (2001). Internationaler Klimaschutz: Nicht mehr als symbolische Politik? Aussenwirtschaft, 56(2), 139–155.

Böhringer, C. (2000). Die Kosten von Klimaschutz - Eine Interpretationshilfe für die mit quantitativen Wirtschaftsmodellen ermittelten Kostenschätzungen. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy (ZfU), 22(3), 369–384.

Böhringer, C. (2000). Cooling down hot air: a global CGE analysis of post-Kyoto carbon abatement strategies. Energy Policy, 28(11), 779–789. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4215(00)00060-4

Böhringer, C., Fahl, U., Vöhringer, F., & Voß, A. (1998). Ökosteuerstudien - Ein Kritischer Vergleich. Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, 3, 167–172.

Böhringer, C., Voß, A., & Rutherford, T. F. (1998). Global CO2 emissions and unilateral action: Policy implications of induced trade effects. International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 11(1-4), 18–22. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJGEI.1998.000812

Böhringer, C. (1998). The synthesis of bottom-up and top-down in energy policy modeling. Energy Economics, 20(3), 233–248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-9883(97)00015-7

Böhringer, C., & Rutherford, T. F. (1997). Carbon Taxes with Exemptions in an Open Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis of the German Tax Initiative. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 32(2), 189–203. https://doi.org/10.1006/jeem.1996.0962

Böhringer, C. (1996). Fossil fuel subsidies and environmental constraints. Environmental and Resource Economics, 8(3), 331–349.

Böhringer, C., Fahl, U., & Voß, A. (1994). Ökologische Steuerreform - ein Königsweg? Kritische Anmerkungen zur DIW-Studie ‘Wirtschaftliche Auswirkungen einer ökologischen Steuerreform’. Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, 44, 622-624. https://doi.org/10.18419/OPUS-2119


Monografien, Beiträge in Sammelbänden

Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2013). European Union’s Emissions Trading System. In J. F. Shogren, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics (pp. 155–160). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375067-9.00070-X

Böhringer, C. & Keller, A. (2011). Energy Security: An Impact Assessment of the EU Climate and Energy Package. Copenhagen Consensus Center.  

Böhringer, C. & Löschel, A. (2009). Implementing the EU Sustainability Indicators. In V. Bosetti, R. Gerlagh, & S. Schleicher (Eds.), Modelling Sustainable Development (pp. 45–60). Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9780857937148

Böhringer, C. (2006). ‘Grau, mein Freund, ist alle Theorie’: Anmerkungen zum EU-Emissionsrechtehandel. In Georg Müller-Fürstenberger (Ed.), Umwelt und Energie (pp. 75–89). Mohr Siebeck.

Böhringer, C. & Finus, M. (2005). The Kyoto Protocol - Success or Failure? In Climate Change Policy (pp. 253–281). Oxford University Press.

Böhringer, C., & Lange, A. (2005). Introduction. In C. Böhringer & A. Lange (Eds.), Applied Research in Environmental Economics (pp. 1–6). Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/3-7908-1645-0_1

Böhringer, C., Eckermann, F., & Löschel, A. (2004). Forum für Energiemodelle und Energiewirtschaftliche Systemanalysen in Deutschland (eds.): Energiemodelle zum Klimaschutz in liberalisierten Energiemärkten - Die Rolle erneuerbarer Energieträger. In Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomik (Vol. 21, pp. 123–136). Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomik.

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (Eds.). (2004). Climate Change Policy and Global Trade. ZEW Economic Studies (Vol. 26). Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7908-2654-8

Böhringer, C. (2004). Die ökologische Steuerreform in Deutschland - Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme. In B. Fitzenberger (Ed.), Herausforderungen an den Wirtschaftsstandort Deutschland: Wirtschaftspolitisches Memorandum aus wissenschaftlicher Sicht (pp. 61–76). Nomos-Verl.-Ges.

Böhringer, C., Harrison, G. W., & Rutherford, T. F. (2003). Sharing the Burden of Carbon Abatement in the European Union. In C. Böhringer & A. Löschel (Eds.), Empirical Modeling of the Economy and the Environment (pp. 153–179). Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57415-3_8

Böhringer, C., & Löschel, A. (Eds.) (2003). Empirical Modeling of the Economy and the Environment. Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57415-3

Böhringer, C. & Vogt, C. (2003). Das Kyoto-Protokoll: Eine Bestandsaufnahme aus ökonomischer Sicht. In: Jahrbuch ökologische Ökonomik (vol. 3, pp. 237–250). Metropolis.

Böhringer, C. & Wiegard, W. (2003). Numerische Allgemeine Gleichgewichtsmodelle: Methodik und Anwendungen in der Umweltökonomik. In Empirische Wirtschaftsforschung - Methoden und Anwendungen (Vol. 32, pp. 119–142).

Böhringer, C., Conrad, K., & Löschel, A. (2002). Joint implementation as a flexible instrument – a CGE analysis between a developing and an industrialized country. In J. Albrecht (Ed.), Instruments for Climate Policy (pp. 148–169). Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781781009604.00013

Böhringer, C., Finus, M., & Vogt, C. (Eds.) (2002). Controlling Global Warming. Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781843765462

Böhringer, C., Löschel, A., & Rohde, A. (2002). PACE. In: Energiemodelle zum Kernenergieausstieg in Deutschland. Umwelt und Ökonomie (vol 34, pp. 436–450). Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57470-2_18 

Böhringer, C. & Rutherford, T. F. (2002). The Efficiency Costs of Voluntary Agreements in Environmental Policy. In A. Fossati & W. Wiegard (Eds.), Policy Evaluation with Computable General Equilibrium Models (pp. 140–155). Routledge.

Böhringer, C., Boeters, S., Feil, M., Steiner, V., & Rutherford, T. F. (2002). Das gesamtwirtschaftliche Modell PACE-L zur Analyse von Arbeitsmarktpolitiken. In Beiträge zur Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung. Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit.

Böhringer, C., Rutherford, T. F., & Schöb, R. (2001). World Economic Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol. In P. J. J. Welfens (Ed.), Internationalization of the Economy and Environmental Policy Options (pp. 161–189). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-04580-0_6

Böhringer, C. (2000). Shaping Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategies - Policy Issues and Quantitative Insights. In K. L. Brockmann & M. Stronzik (Eds.), Flexible Mechanisms for an Efficient Climate Policy. ZEW Economic Studies (Vol. 11, pp. 19–29). Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57691-1_4

Böhringer, C., Jensen, J., & Rutherford, Thomas F. (2000). Energy Market Projections and Differentiated Carbon Abatement in the European Union. In Efficiency and Equity of Climate Change Policy (pp. 199–213). Kluwer.

Böhringer, C. (1999). Carbon Abatement, Revenue Recycling and Intergenerational Burden Sharing. In The Theory of Markets (pp. 305–326). North Holland.

Böhringer, C. (1999). NEWAGE. In Energiemodelle zum Klimaschutz in Deutschland (pp. 191–213). Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-52448-6_7

Böhringer, C. (1999). Zur Verteilung der Kyoto-Reduktionspflichten in der EU. In Treibhausgasminderung in Deutschland zwischen nationalen Zielen und internationalen Verpflichtungen (vol. 14, pp. 87–96). FZ.

Böhringer, C. (1998). Unilateral Taxation of International Environmental Externalities and Sectoral Exemptions. In A. Fossati & J. P. Hutton (Eds.), Policy simulations in the European Union (pp. 140–155). Routledge.

Böhringer, C. & Rutherford, T. F. (1997). Volkswirtschaftliche Effekte einer Umstrukturierung des deutschen Steuersystems unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Umweltsteuern (Vol. 37). IER-Forschungberichte.

Böhringer, C. & Welsch, H. (1997). Mehr Arbeitsplätze durch eine Ökologische Steuerreform? In Industriestandort Deutschland - Arbeitsplätze und Energie. VDI-Berichte 1311 (pp. 39–52).

Hoster, F., Welsch, H., & Böhringer, C. (1997). CO2 Abatement and Economic Structural Change in the European Internal Market. Physica-Verlag HD. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-47005-9

Hoster, F., Welsch, H., & Böhringer, C. (1997). NEWAGE. In F. Hoster, H. Welsch, & C. Böhringer, CO₂ Abatement and economic structural change in the European internal market (pp. 35–51). Physica-Verlag Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-47005-9

Böhringer, C. (1996). Allgemeine Gleichgewichtsmodelle als Instrument der energie- und umweltpolitischen Analyse. Theoretische Grundlagen und Empirische Anwendung. Peter Lang.

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