Prof. Dr. Andrea Hildebrandt


 A07 0-062


Sandra Marienberg


 A07 0-035


Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Fakultät VI - Medizin und Gesundheitswissenschaften
Abt. Psychologische Methodenlehre und Statistik
Dep. für Psychologie
Gebäude A7
Ammerländer Heerstr. 114-118
26129 Oldenburg

Anfahrt und Lageplan

 Anfahrt zur Universität und Campusplan


Peer-reviewed journals


Quinones Sanchez, J. F., Pavan, T., Liu, X., Thiel, C. M., Heep, A., Hildebrandt, A. (2022). Fiber tracing and microstructural characterization among audiovisual integration brain regions in neonates compared with young adults. NeuroImage.

Muñoz, F., Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A., Stürmer, B., Bröcker, F., Martín-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2022). Determinants of quality, specificity, and stability of emotional episodic memories in a fine-dining context. International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Olaru, G., Robitzsch, A., Hildebrandt, A., Schroeders, U. (2022). Examining moderators of vocabulary acquisition from kindergarten through elementary school using Local Structural Equation Modeling. Learning and Individual Differences.

Paul, K., Short, C. A., Beauducel, A., Per Carsten H., Härpfer, K., Hennig, J., Hewig, J., Hildebrandt, A., Kührt, C. Mueller, E.M., Osinsky, R. Porth, E., Riesel, A., Rodrigues, J., Scheffel, C., Stahl, J., Strobel, A., Wacker, J. (2022) The Methodology and Dataset of the CoScience EEG-Personality Project – A Large-Scale, Multi-Laboratory Project Grounded in Cooperative Forking Paths Analysis. Personality Science.

Bagherzadeh-Azbari, S., Gilbert Lau, K. B., Ouyang, G., Zhou, C., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Lui, M. A. (2022). Multimodal evidence of atypical processing of eye gaze and facial emotion in children with autistic traits. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, section Cognitive Neuroscience, 733852.

Gößwein, J., Rennies, J., Huber, R., Bruns, T., Hildebrandt, A., & Kollmeier, B. (2022). Evaluation of a semi-supervised self-adjustment fine-tuning procedure for hearing aids. International Journal of Audiology.


Grewe, C.M.*, Liu, T.*, Hildebrandt, A., Zachow, S. (2021). The Open Virtual Mirror Framework for Enfacement Illusions. Enhancing the Sense of Agency With Avatars That Imitate Facial Expressions. Behavior Research Methods.
*shared first authorship

Kaur, Y., Weiss, S., Zhou, C., Fischer, R., & Hildebrandt, A. (2021). Exploring Neural Signal Complexity as a Potential Link Between Creative Thinking, Intelligence, and Cognitive Control. Journal of Intelligence, 9: x.

Viering, T., Hoekstra, P. J., Philipsen, A., Naaijende, J., Dietrich, A., Hartman, C. A., Franke, B., Buitelaar, J. K., Hildebrandt, A., Thiel, C. M., Gießing, C. (2021). Emotion dysregulation and integration of emotion-related brain networks affect intraindividual change in ADHD severity throughout late adolescence. NeuroImage, 118729.

Lohse, K., Hildebrandt, A., & Hildebrandt, F. (in press). Hypotheses in adult-child interactions stimulate children’s reasoning and verbalizations. Early Childhood Research Quarterly.

Viering, T., Hoekstra, P. J., Philipsen, A., Naaijen, J., Dietrich, A., Hartman, C. A., Buitelaar, J. K., Hildebrandt, A., Gießing, C., & Thiel, C. M. (2021). Functional network topology of the right insula afects emotion dysregulation in hyperactive-impulsive attention-defcit/hyperactivity disorder. Scientific Reports, 11:15045

Meyer, K., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2021). Reflections and new perspectives on Face Cognition as a specific socio-cognitive ability. Journal of Intelligence, 9:30. Link: www.mdpi.com/2079-3200/9/2/30/htm

Wang, R*., Liu, M.*, Cheng, X., Wu, Y., Hildebrandt, A.**, & Zhou, C.** (2021). Segregation, integration and balance of large-scale resting brain networks configure different cognitive abilities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 118:e2022288118 Link: www.pnas.org/content/118/23/e2022288118
*shared first authorship, **corresponding authors.

Grewe, C. M., Liu, T., Kahl, C., Hildebrandt, A., & Zachow, S. (2021). Statistical Learning of Facial Expressions Improves Realism of Animated Avatar Faces. Frontiers in Virtual Reality, section Virtual Reality and Human Behaviour, 619811 Link: www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frvir.2021.619811/full

Herdel, V., Kuzminykh, A., Hildebrandt, A., and Cauchard, J. R. 2021. Drone in Love: Emotional Perception of Facial Expressions on Flying Robots. In CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’21), May 8–13, 2021, Yokohama, Japan. ACM, New York, NY, USA.Link: dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3411764.3445495

Quinones Sanchez*, J. F., Liu, X., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2021). Nature and Nurture Shape Structural Connectivity in the Face Processing Brain Network. NeuroImage, 229, 117736 Link: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811921000136?dgcid=rss_sd_all
*awarded the "Hermine Heusler-Edenhuizen Prize" (best paper award) by the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences and the Association of Friends and Sponsors of the University Medicine Northwest e.V.


Saak, S. K., Hildebrandt, A., Kollmeier, B., & Buhl, M. (2020). Predicting Common Audiological Functional Parameters (CAFPAs) as interpretable intermediate representation in a clinical decision-support system for audiology. Frontiers in Digital Health, section Personalized Medicine, 2:596433. Research topic: Machine Learning in Clinical-Decision Making.

Lui, M., Li, X., Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., Ka-Bo Lau, G., & Zhou, C. (2020). Sex Differences in Behavioral and Brain Responses to Incongruity in Emotional Speech Controlling for Autistic Traits. Biological Psychology, 157:107973.

Meyer, K., Nowparast Rostami, H., Ouyang, G., Debener, S., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2020). Mechanisms of face specificity – Differentiating speed and accuracy in Face Cognition by event-related potentials of central processing. Cortex, 134, 114-133.

Kaur, Y., Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., Weiss, S., Zhou, C., Hildebrandt, A. (2020). What does temporal brain signal complexity reveal about verbal creativity? Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 14:146.

Weiss, S., Steger, D., Kaur, Y., Hildebrandt, A., Schroeders, L., & Wilhelm, O. (2020). On the Trail of Creativity: Dimensionality of Divergent Thinking and Its Relation With Cognitive Abilities, Personality and Insight. European Journal of Personality, 10.1002.

Weiss*, S., Grewe, C. M., Olderbak, S., Goecke, B., Kaltwasser, L., & Hildebrandt, A. (2020). Symmetric or not? A Holistic Approach to the Measurement of Fluctuating Asymmetry from Facial Photographs. Personality and Individual Differences, 166, 110137.
*shared first authorship with Grewe, C. M.

Liu, M., Liu, X., Hildebrandt, A., & Zhou, C. (2020). Individual cortical entropy profile: Test–retest reliability, predictive power for cognitive ability, and neuroanatomical foundation. Cerebral Cortex Communications, 1, tgaa015.

Nowparast Rostami, H., Hildebrandt, A., & Sommer, W. (2020). Sex-specific relationships between face memory and the N170 component in event-related potentials. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 15, 587-597.

Cepulic, D. B., Schmitz, F., & Hildebrandt, A. (2020). Do Time-on-Task Effects Reveal Face Specificity in Object Cognition? Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 32, 423-441.

Markwart, H., Bomba, F., Menrath, I., Brenk-Franz, K., Ernst, G., Thyen, U., Hildebrandt, A., & Schmidt, S. (2020). Assessing empowerment as multidimensional outcome of a patient education program for adolescents with chronic conditions: A Latent Difference Score Model. PlosOne, 15(4): e0230659.

Ouyang, G., Hildebrandt, A., Schmitz, F., & Herrmann, C. (2020). Decomposing Alpha and 1/f Brain Activities Reveals Their Differential Associations with Cognitive Processing Speed. NeuroImage, 205, 116304.

Liu, X., Hildebrandt, A., Meyer, K., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2020). Patterns of Individual Differences in Fiber Tract Integrity of the Face Processing Brain Network Support Neurofunctional Models. NeuroImage, 204, 116-229.


Meyer, K., Garzón, B., Lövdén, M. & Hildebrandt, A. (2019). Are Global and Specific Interindividual Differences in Cortical Thickness Associated with Facets of Cognitive Abilities, Including Face Cognition? Royal Society Open Science, 6: 180857.

Kaur, Y., Ouyang, G., Junge, M., Sommer, W., Liu, M. Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt. A. (2019). The reliability and psychometric structure of Multi-Scale Entropy measured from EEG signals at rest and during face and object recognition tasks. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 326, 108343.

Li, X., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Wilhelm, O., Reuter, M., Montag, C., & Zhou, C. (2019). Cognitive Performance in Young APOE ε4 Carriers – A Latent Variable Approach for Assessing the Genotype–Phenotype Relationship. Behavior Genetics, 49, 455-468.

Beringer, M., Spohn, F., Hildebrandt, A., Wacker, J., & Recio, G. (2019). Reliability and validity of machine vision for the assessment of facial expressions. Cognitive Systems Research, 56, 119-132.

Meyer, K., Schmitz, F., Wilhelm, O., & Hildebrandt, A. (2019). Perceiving Faces: Too Much, Too Fast? - Face Specificity in Response Caution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 45, 16-38.


Olderbak, S., Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., & Quoidbach, J. (2018). Sex Differences in Facial Emotion Perception Ability Across the Lifespan. Cognition and Emotion, 33, 579-588.

Benson, G., Hildebrandt, A., Lange, C., Schwarz, C., Köbe, T., Sommer, W., Flöel, A., & Wirth, M. (2018). Functional connectivity in cognitive control networks mitigates the impact of white matter lesions in the elderly. Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, 10, 109.

Petrakova, A., Sommer, W., Junge, M. & Hildebrandt, A. (2018). Configural Face Perception in Childhood and Adolescence: An Individual Differences Approach. Acta Psychologica, 188, 148-176.

Muñoz Muñoz, F., Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A., Stürmer, B., Bröcker, F., Martín-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2018). What makes the hedonic experience of a meal in a top restaurant special and retrievable in the long term? Meal-related, social and personality factors. Appetite, 125, 454-465.

Schmitz, F., Kunina-Habenicht, O., Hildebrandt, A., Oberauer, K., & Wilhelm, O. (2018). Psychometrics of the Iowa and Berlin Gambling Tasks: Unresolved Issues with Reliability and Validity for Risk-Taking, Assessment, 1-14.

Cepulic, D. B., Wilhelm, O., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2018). All categories are equal, but some categories are more equal than others – The psychometric structure of face and object cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44, 1254-1268.


Kaltwasser, L., Mikac, U., Busko, V., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). No robust association between static markers of testosterone and facets of socio-economic decision making. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. Research Topic: Hormones and Economic Behavior, 11:250.

Geller, S., Wilhelm, O., Wacker, J., Hamm, A., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). Associations of the COMT Val158Met Polymorphism with Working Memory and Intelligence – A Review and Meta-Analysis. Intelligence, 65, 75-92.

Nowparast Rostamia, H., Sommer, W., Zhou, C., Wilhelm, O., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). Structural Encoding Processes Contribute to Individual Differences in Face and Object Cognition: Inferences from Psychometric Test Performance and Event-Related Brain Potentials. Cortex, 95, 192-210.

Liu, X., Hildebrandt, A., Recio, G., Sommer, W., Cai, X., & Wilhelm, O. (2017). Individual differences in the speed of facial emotion recognition show little specificity but are strongly related with general mental speed: Psychometric, neural, and genetic evidence. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 11:149.

Nowparast Rostamia*, H., Saville, C. W. N., Klein, C., Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). COMT genotype is differentially associated with single trial variability of ERPs as a function of memory type. Biological Psychology, 127, 209-219.
*shared first authorship with Saville, C. W. N.

Wilhelm, O., Kaltwasser, L., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). Will the Real Factors of Prosociality please stand up? A Comment on Böckler, Tusche, & Singer (2016). Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9, 493-499.

Ouyang, G., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2017). Exploiting the Intra-Subject Latency Variability from Single Trial Event-Related Potentials: A Review and Comparative Evaluation of Methods. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 75, 1-21.

Recio, G., Wilhelm, O., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). Are Event-related Potentials to Dynamic Facial Expressions of Emotion Related to Individual Differences in the Accuracy of Processing Facial Expressions and Identity? Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 364–380.

Kaltwasser, L., Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2017). On the Relationship of Emotional Abilities and Prosocial Behavior. Evolution and Human Behavior, 38, 298-308. 

Mikac, U., Buško, V., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2016). Analysis of different sources of measurement error in determining second-to-fourth digit ratio, a potential indicator of perinatal sex hormones exposure. Review of Psychology, 23, 39-49.


Meinhardt-Injac, B., & Hildebrandt, A. (2016). Face Perception across the Life-Span. Frontiers in Psychology. Perception Science, 7, 1338. Research Topic Editorial.

Kaltwasser, L., Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2016). Behavioral and neuronal determinants of negative reciprocity in the ultimatum game. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1608-1617.

Hildebrandt, A., Kiy, A., Wilhelm, O., Reuter, M., & Sommer, W. (2016). Face Cognition and the Serotonin Transporter Polymorphism 5-HTTLPR/rs22531. Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 15, 453–464.

Hildebrandt, A.*, Lüdtke, O., Robitzsch, A., Sommer, C., & Wilhelm, O. (2016). Exploring factor model parameters across continuous variables with Local Structural Equation Models. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 51, 257-258.
*shared first authorship with Lüdtke, O., & Robitzsch, A.

Hildebrandt, F., Scheidt, A., Hildebrandt, A., Hédervári-Heller, É., & Dreier, A. (2016). Sustained shared thinking als Interaktionsformat und das Sprachverhalten von Kindern. Frühe Bildung, 5, 82-90.


Olderbak, S., Hildebrandt, A., & Wilhelm, O. (2015). Examining age-related shared variance between face cognition, vision, and self-reported physical health: A test of the common cause hypothesis for social cognition. Frontiers in Psychology. Perception Science. 6:1189. Research Topic: Face perception across the lifespan.

Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Schacht, A., & Wilhelm, O. (2015). Perceiving and Remembering Emotional Facial Expressions – A Basic Facet of Emotional Intelligence. Intelligence, 50, 52–67.


Kaltwasser, L., Hildebrandt, A., Recio, G., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2014). Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Individual Differences in Face Cognition: A Replication and Extension. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, 861-878.

Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., Manske, K., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2014). Test battery for measuring the perception and recognition of facial expressions of emotion. Frontiers in Psychology, Emotion Science. 5:404.

Künecke, J., Hildebrandt, A., Recio, G., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2014). Facial EMG responses to emotional expressions are related to emotion perception ability. PLOS ONE. 9(1): e84053.

Olderbak, S. G., Hildebrandt, A, Pinkpank, T., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2014). Psychometric challenges and proposed solutions when scoring facial emotion expression codes. Behavior Research Methods, 46, 992-1006.


Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., & Oberauer, K. (2013). What is Working Memory Capacity, and how can we measure it? Frontiers in Personality Science and Individual Differences. 4:433.

Kiy, A., Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., Reuter, M., & Sommer, W. (2013). On the genetic basis of Face Cognition and its relation to Fluid Cognitive Abilities. Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 12, 438–445.

Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., Herzmann, G., & Sommer, W. (2013). Face and Object Cognition Across Adult Age. Psychology and Aging, 28, 243–248.

Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., Kunina-Habenicht, O., Schacht, A., & Wilhelm, O. (2013). Sex differences in face cognition. Acta Psychologica, 142, 62–73.


Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2012). Measuring the Speed of Recognizing Facially Expressed Emotions. Cognition & Emotion, 26, 650-666.


Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., Schmiedek, F., Herzmann, G., & Sommer, W. (2011). On the specificity of face cognition compared to general cognitive functioning across adult age. Psychology and Aging, 26, 701-715.


Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., Herzmann, G., & Sommer, W. (2010). Computergestütztes Testverfahren zur Erfassung gesichterspezifischer Denkleistungen – Berlin Face Test (BeFaT). Diagnostica, 56, 119-122.

Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Herzmann, G., & Wilhelm, O. (2010). Structural Invariance and Age-Related Performance Differences in Face Cognition. Psychology and Aging, 24, 794-810.


Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., & Robitzsch, A. (2009). Complementary and competing factor analytic approaches for the investigation of measurement invariance. Review of Psychology, 16, 87-102.

Schmiedek, F., Hildebrandt, A., Lövdén, M., Wilhelm, O., & Lindenberger, U. (2009). Complex span versus updating tasks of working memory: The gap is not that deep. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35, 1089-1096.

Invited peer-reviewed contributions

Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., & Schacht, A. (in press). Face Perception. In F. Maggino (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (2 ed.). Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland.

Hildebrandt, A., Olderbak, S., Wilhelm, O. (2015). Facial Emotion Expression, Individual Differences in. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 8. Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 667–675.

Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., & Sommer, W. (2015). Facial Perception. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief). International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 8. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 676–682.

Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A. (2014). Face Perception. In: Michalos A. C. (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, pp. 2109-2112.


Reisenzein, R., Hildebrandt, A., & Weber, H. (2019). Personality and emotion. In P. J. Corr & G. Matthews (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Formazin, M., Wilhelm, O., Schröders, U., Kunina, O., Hildebrandt, A., & Köller, O. (2008). Validitäts- und Nutzenüberlegungen zur Studierendenauswahl mit Präzisierungen für das Fach Psychologie. In H. Schuler & B. Hell (Hrsg.), Studierendenauswahl und Studienentscheidung. (pp. 204-214). Hogrefe Verlag.

(Stand: 20.04.2022)